Renate Kaulitz

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BACKGROUND Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF), the most frequent cyanotic congenital heart disease, is associated with a wide range of intra- and extracardiac phenotypes. In order to get further insight into genotype-phenotype correlation, a large cohort of 230 unselected patients with ToF was comprehensively investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS 230 patients with ToF(More)
BACKGROUND The modified Fontan operation has been proposed as definitive palliation for an increasing variety of hearts with complex univentricular anatomy. To eliminate the influence of different surgical strategies, only patients undergoing total cavopulmonary anastomosis were included in this retrospective study. METHODS Seventy-two patients had been(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of a novel, noncontact mapping system for assessing a variety of atrial reentrant tachycardias (ART) in patients after the surgical correction of congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS In 14 patients, an electrophysiological study using the Ensite 3000 system was performed to(More)
In aortic atresia, coronary perfusion normally occurs through retrograde blood flow in the ascending aorta. We report on two patients with antegrade flow in the ascending aorta despite aortic atresia. In one patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (aortic atresia, severe mitral stenosis), an intact interatrial septum/premature closure of the foramen(More)
Pulmonary artery sling is often associated with tracheal stenosis. In many cases repair of the vascular anomaly alone does not relieve dyspnea. Primary one-stage repair with long segment tracheal resection (2.4 cm) and relocation of the left pulmonary artery using cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is described in a 6.5-month-old(More)
BACKGROUND As young age at modified Fontan operation was thought to be a preoperative risk factor for poorer survival, we studied early and intermediate outcome in our young patient group. METHODS Results in children less than 3 years of age (group I; n = 26; age range, 7 to 35 months) were compared with those in older patients (group II; n = 46; age(More)
Interventional occlusion of coronary artery fistulas has become a well-accepted alternative to surgical therapy. However, occlusion of high-flow lesions in children, necessitating implantation of large occluding devices, may be limited by the requirement of large delivery catheters. This report describes the interventional occlusion of a large coronary(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with interrupted aortic arch echocardiography provides detailed information about the anatomy of the aortic arch and the associated cardiac anomalies. Only a few reports have evaluated the reliability of this non-invasive diagnostic procedure by correlation with angiographic and surgical findings. METHODS From 1988 through 1993, 45(More)
Moderate persistent elevation of the γ-glutamyltransferase (γGT) level is a frequent finding during long-term follow-up of patients with total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) for palliation of functionally univentricular hearts. Serial intraindividual data revealed a significant increase in the γGT level within a minimum 4-year interval in more than 80 % of(More)
Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare anomaly which is almost always associated with hypertension in the contralateral pulmonary artery originating from the right ventricle. We report echocardiographic evaluation of an infant with tetralogy of Fallot and aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery. Since all relevant(More)