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Phage that display a surface peptide with the NGR sequence motif home selectively to tumor vasculature in vivo. A drug coupled to an NGR peptide has more potent antitumor effects than the free drug [W. Arap et al., Science (Washington DC), 279: 377-380, 1998]. We show here that the receptor for the NGR peptides in tumor vasculature is aminopeptidase N (APN;(More)
Pauci-immune focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis (FNGN) is a severe inflammatory disease associated with autoantibodies to neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens (ANCA). Here we characterize autoantibodies to lysosomal membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) and show that they are a new ANCA subtype present in almost all individuals with FNGN. Consequently, its prevalence is(More)
Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their ephrin ligands have been implicated in embryonic vascular development and in in vivo models of angiogenesis. Eph proteins may also regulate tumor neovascularization, but this role has not been previously investigated. To screen for Eph proteins expressed in tumor blood vessels, we used tumor xenografts grown in nude(More)
We have designed short peptides composed of two functional domains, one a tumor blood vessel 'homing' motif and the other a programmed cell death-inducing sequence, and synthesized them by simple peptide chemistry. The 'homing' domain was designed to guide the peptide to targeted cells and allow its internalization. The pro-apoptotic domain was designed to(More)
BACKGROUND Renal involvement remains a major determinant in antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody-associated small vessel vasculitis (AASV). While some patients may develop persistent renal damage, others have a favourable outcome. METHODS To identify patients at risk for poor renal outcome, we evaluated 95 renal biopsies (67 initial biopsies and 28(More)
Organ specific drug targeting was explored in mice as a possible alternative to surgery to treat prostate diseases. Peptides that specifically recognize the vasculature in the prostate were identified from phage-displayed peptide libraries by selecting for phage capable of homing into the prostate after an i.v. injection. One of the phage selected in this(More)
There are vast numbers of bacteria present within the human colon that are essential for the host's well being in terms of nutrition and mucosal immunity. While certain members of the colonic microbiota have been shown to promote the host's health there are also numerous studies that have implicated other members of the colonic microbiota in the development(More)
Necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis (NCGN) is frequently associated with circulating antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA). It is established that ANCA are specific for soluble enzymes of granules of polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes (PMN), such as myeloperoxidase (MPO) or protease 3 (PR3). The purpose of this study was to(More)
Mucin type O-glycans with core 2 branches are distinct from nonbranched O-glycans, and the amount of core 2 branched O-glycans changes dramatically during T cell differentiation. This oligosaccharide is synthesized only when core 2 beta-1, 6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT) is present, and the expression of this glycosyltransferase is highly(More)
The t(12;21) translocation generating the ETV6/RUNX1 fusion gene represents the most frequent chromosomal rearrangement in childhood leukemia. Presence of ETV6/RUNX1 alone is usually not sufficient for leukemia onset, and additional genetic alterations have to occur in ETV6/RUNX1-positive cells to cause transformation. We have previously generated an(More)