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Functionally distinct subpopulations of endosomes involved in targeting internalized material to specific intracellular destinations were resolved as two distinct peaks by free-flow electrophoresis. The less anodally shifted peak contained a population of early endosomes selectively labeled by brief exposures to endocytic tracers or by receptor-bound(More)
The effects of bafilomycin, nocodazole, and reduced temperature on recycling and the lysosomal pathway have been investigated in various cultured cell lines and have been shown to vary dependent on the cell type examined. However, the way in which these treatments affect recycling and transport to lysosomes within the same cell line has not been analyzed.(More)
Bafilomycin A1 (baf), a specific inhibitor of vacuolar proton ATPases, is commonly employed to demonstrate the requirement of low endosomal pH for viral uncoating. However, in certain cell types baf also affects the transport of endocytosed material from early to late endocytic compartments. To characterize the endocytic route in HeLa cells that are(More)
1. Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP, ABCG2) is a drug efflux transporter that is believed to affect the drug disposition of several drugs and xenobiotics. In the present study, we evaluated the localization and functional expression of BCRP in the human choriocarcinoma cell line BeWo, an in vitro model of the human trophoblast, and compared it with(More)
Zonula occludens proteins (ZOPs), currently comprising ZO-1, ZO-2, and ZO-3, belong to the family of membrane-associated guanylate kinase homologue (MAGUK) proteins that are involved in the organization of epithelial and endothelial intercellular junctions. ZOPs bind to the cytoplasmic C termini of junctional transmembrane proteins linking them to the actin(More)
Endosomes maintain a slightly acidic internal pH, which is directly responsible for their ability to ensure proper sorting of incoming receptors and ligands during endocytosis. At least two distinct subpopulations of endosomes can be distinguished, designated "early" and "late" on the basis of their kinetics of labeling with endocytic tracers. The(More)
The internalization pathway and mechanism of uncoating of human rhinovirus serotype 2 (HRV2), a minor-group human rhinovirus, were investigated. Kinetic analysis revealed a late endosomal compartment as the site of capsid modification from D to C antigenicity. The conformational change as well as the infection was prevented by the specific V-ATPase(More)
Determination of infectious progeny virus and in vivo labelling with [(35)S]methionine followed by immunoprecipitation demonstrates that the major receptor group human rhinovirus HRV14 is able to infect HeLa cells in the presence of the V-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1. However, host cell shut off is delayed and viral yield is decreased in the presence of(More)
During endocytosis in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, Semliki Forest virus (SFV) passes through two distinct subpopulations of endosomes before reaching lysosomes. One subpopulation, defined by cell fractionation using free flow electrophoresis as "early endosomes," constitutes the major site of membrane and receptor recycling; while "late endosomes," an(More)