Renate Faast

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Pluripotent cells of embryonic origin proliferate at unusually rapid rates and have a characteristic cell cycle structure with truncated gap phases. To define the molecular basis for this we have characterized the cell cycle control of murine embryonic stem cells and early primitive ectoderm-like cells. These cells display precocious Cdk2, cyclin A and(More)
Fundamental to the process of mammalian development is the timed and coordinated regulation of gene expression. This requires transcription of a precise subset of the total complement of genes. It is clear that chromatin architecture plays a fundamental role in this process by either facilitating or restricting transcription factor binding [1]. How such(More)
Through a screen aimed at identifying genes that are specifically upregulated in embryomic stem (ES) cells but not primitive ectoderm, we identified cyclin D3. This was surprising since cyclin D activity is generally believed to be inactive in ES cells even though retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (pRb) accumulates in a predominantly(More)
To understand cell cycle control mechanisms in early development and how they change during differentiation, we used embryonic stem cells to model embryonic events. Our results demonstrate that as pluripotent cells differentiate, the length of G(1) phase increases substantially. At the molecular level, this is associated with a significant change in the(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from bone marrow were used to examine the hypothesis that a less differentiated cell type could increase adult somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) efficiencies in the pig. SCNT embryos were produced using a fusion before activation protocol described previously and the rate at which these developed to the blastocyst(More)
Pigs are currently considered the most likely source of organs for human xenotransplantation because of anatomical and physiological similarities to humans, and the relative ease with which they can be bred in large numbers. A severe form of rejection known as hyperacute rejection has been the major barrier to the use of xenografts. Generating transgenic(More)
Cell surface markers are key tools that are frequently used to characterize and separate mixed cell populations. Existing cell surface markers used to define murine embryonic stem cells (mESCs) such as stage-specific embryonic antigen 1 (SSEA1), Forssman antigen (FA), alkaline phosphatase (AP), and CD9 are limiting, however, because they do not(More)
We have reported relatively efficient methods for somatic cell nuclear transfer and for knocking out the alpha(1,3)-galactosyltransferase (alpha1,3-GT) gene in porcine fetal fibroblasts using a nonisogenic promoterless construct approach. Here we report the production of alpha1,3-GT gene knockout pigs using these procedures. Seven alpha1,3-GT gene knockout(More)
Chorionic gonadotropin (CG), a pregnancy-specific heterodimeric hormone found in primates, is responsible for CL rescue with pregnancy maintenance. Of the primates, the human and baboon gene sequences are the only structures so far determined. In order to study the structure and function of CG in other primates, we have isolated and sequenced the coding(More)
The toxin co-regulated pilus (Tcp) of Vibrio cholerae appears to be a major protective antigen. By cosmid cloning we have isolated a number of clones capable of converting Tcp- El Tor strains of V. cholerae to Tcp+. A synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide probe based upon the N-terminal amino acid sequence of TcpA, has been used to localize the structural gene(More)