Renate Durst

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BACKGROUND CD4-positive lymphocytes, the major T-cell population in human atheroma, mainly secrete Th-1-type proinflammatory cytokines, like interferon (IFN)gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha, and interleukin (IL)-2, thus promoting atherogenesis. Recent data suggest that the nuclear transcription factors liver X receptor-alpha and liver X receptor-beta(More)
Increased levels of C-peptide, a cleavage product of proinsulin, circulate in patients with insulin resistance and early type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recent data suggest a potential causal role of C-peptide in atherogenesis by promoting monocyte and T-lymphocyte recruitment into the vessel wall. The present study examined the effect of C-peptide on vascular(More)
Increased levels of C-peptide, a cleavage product of proinsulin, circulate in patients with insulin resistance and early type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recent data suggest a potential causal role of C-peptide in atherogenesis by promoting monocyte and T-lymphocyte recruitment into the vessel wall. The present study examined the effect of C-peptide on vascular(More)
Migration of CD4-positive lymphocytes into the vessel wall is a critical step in atherogenesis. Recent data suggest that CD4-positive lymphocytes express the nuclear transcription factors Liver-X-Receptor (LXR) alpha and beta with an effect of LXR activators on TH1-cytokine release from these cells. However, the role of LXR in lymphocyte migration remains(More)
AIMS Migration of CD4-positive lymphocytes into the vessel wall is a critical step in atherogenesis. Recent data suggest that ivabradine, a selective I(f)-channel blocker, reduces atherosclerotic plaque formation in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, hitherto nothing is known about the mechanism by which ivabradine modulates plaque formation. Therefore, the(More)
Patients with insulin resistance and early type 2 diabetes exhibit an increased propensity to develop a diffuse and extensive pattern of arteriosclerosis. Typically, these patients show elevated serum levels of the proinsulin cleavage product C-peptide and immunohistochemical data from our group revealed C-peptide deposition in early lesions of these(More)
AIMS Increased levels of resistin, a peptide secreted by adipocytes and inflammatory cells, circulate in patients with insulin resistance and early type 2 diabetes, a high-risk population for the development of a diffuse and extensive pattern of arteriosclerosis. Recent data suggest that resistin may activate vascular cells such as smooth muscle cells and(More)
Previous data from our group demonstrated that C-peptide induces chemotaxis of CD4-positive lymphocytes in-vitro, mediated by activation of G-protein and PI 3-kinase γ, but additional signalling pathways involved in this process remained unexplored. In the present study we further analyze intracellular signalling pathways which lead to C-peptide-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated levels of C-peptide have been found in patients with insulin resistance and early type 2 diabetes. These patients are at greater risk to develop micro- and macrovascular complications. Since diabetic nephropathy involves glomerular hyperproliferation, the present study evaluates the role of C-peptide on human renal mesangial cell(More)
Haloperidol-induced increases in DOPAC and HVA declined in the striatum but remained unchanged in the retina after chronic pretreatment with haloperidol (1-4 weeks). DA concentrations were unaffected in the striatum but decreased in the retina after acute or chronic haloperidol administration. Light stimulation increased both retinal DA and DOPAC. The(More)
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