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OBJECTIVE The purpose of present study was to evaluate the acute effects of bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) on heart rate variability (HRV) of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients (COPD). METHODS Nineteen males with COPD (69+/-8 years and with forced expiratory volume in 1s <50% of predicted) and eight healthy sedentary(More)
The objective of this study was to (a) evaluate the impact of the leg press, at variable percentages of 1 repetition maximum (1RM), on heart rate variability (HRV) and blood lactate and (b) determine the relationship between HRV with blood lactate in a healthy elderly cohort. Ten healthy men (64 +/- 4 years) participated in a progressive leg-press protocol(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine anaerobic threshold (AT) during discontinuous dynamic and resistive exercise protocols by analysing of heart rate variability (HRV) and blood lactate (BL) in healthy elderly subjects and compare the cardiovascular, metabolic and autonomic variables obtained from these two forms of exercise. Fourteen elderly (70 ±(More)
Heart failure (HF) is an important public health issue in South America. Economic impacts are substantial. Chagas heart disease is a prevalent HF etiology; it is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an integral component of HF care. The benefits of CR in HF patients need to be assessed. The effectiveness and safety of CR(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of positive end expiratory pressure and physiotherapy intervention during Phase I of cardiac rehabilitation on the behavior of pulmonary function and inspiratory muscle strength in postoperative cardiac surgery. METHODS A prospective randomized study, in which 24 patients were divided in 2 groups: a group that performed(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown positive effects from noninvasive ventilation (NIV) or supplemental oxygen on exercise capacity in patients with COPD. However, the best adjunct for promoting physiologic adaptations to physical training in patients with severe COPD remains to be investigated. METHODS Twenty-eight patients (mean +/- SD age 68 +/- 7(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) might improve peripheral muscle function and exercise capacity in severely disabled patients. This study evaluated the physiological impact of NIV on isokinetic concentric strength and endurance of lower limb muscles in patients with severe COPD. METHODS This clinical trial tested COPD patients (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is accompanied by severe impairment of cardiac autonomous regulation (CAR). This study aimed to determine whether a short-term physiotherapy exercise protocol post-CABG, during inpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR), might improve CAR. DESIGN Seventy-four patients eligible for CABG were recruited and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the test-retest reliability, concurrent validity and agreement with peak oxygen uptake (VO2 ) obtained during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) on a treadmill for the incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT) in obese women. METHODS Prospective study with a convenient sample of 46 community-dwelling obese(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the cardiac autonomic responses during upper versus lower limb discontinuous resistance exercise (RE) at different loads in healthy older men. METHOD Ten volunteers (65±1.2 years) underwent the one-repetition maximum (1RM) test to determine the maximum load for the bench press and the leg press. Discontinuous RE was initiated at a(More)