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Plasmodium falciparum thioredoxin reductase (PfTrxR: NADPH+Trx(S)2+H+<-->NADP++Trx(SH)2) is a high Mr flavin-dependent TrxR that reduces thioredoxin (Trx) via a CysXXXXCys pair located penultimately to the C-terminal Gly. In this respect, PfTrxR differs significantly from its human counterpart which bears a Cys-Sec redox pair at the same position. PfTrxR is(More)
Values of ID50 for a collection of structurally-related gallic acid derivatives have been employed to create a predictive quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) which links structure to values of analgesic activity. The QSAR model developed has substantial predictive power for the design of novel gallic acid derivatives having improved(More)
This study describes the isolation and identification of several constituents from Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br., a medicinal plant frequently employed in folk medicine of many countries as a remedy against several diseases, including inflammation and pain. Our results demonstrate that some of these compounds, such as glochidone, betulinic acid, alpha- and(More)
BACKGROUND The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, is the primary vector for the viruses that cause yellow fever, mostly in tropical regions of Africa and in parts of South America, and human dengue, which infects 100 million people yearly in the tropics and subtropics. A better understanding of the structural biology of olfactory proteins may pave the(More)
Ipomoea pes-caprae is a medicinal plant used in many countries for the treatment of several ailments, including inflammatory and algesic processes. The present study describes the antinociceptive effects of the methanolic extract and two fractions obtained from aerial parts of this plant. The results indicated that both methanolic extract and two fractions(More)
A series of (E) and (Z)-ferrocenyl oxindoles were prepared by coupling substituted oxindoles to ferrocenylcarboxyaldehyde in the presence of morpholine as a catalyst. The redox behavior of these isomers was determined by cyclic voltammetry. The effects of the oxindole derivatives on the migration of human breast cancer cells were evaluated using the(More)
Endophytic actinobacteria from the Brazilian medicinal plant Lychnophora ericoides were isolated for the first time, and the biological potential of their secondary metabolites was evaluated. A phylogenic analysis of isolated actinobacteria was accomplished with 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and the predominance of the genus Streptomyces was observed. All(More)
Chagas disease continues to be a difficult disease to eradicate, largely because of the widespread populations it affects as well as the highly toxic effects of current therapies. Thus, the exploration of innovative scaffolds, ideally with distinct mechanisms of action, is urgently needed. The natural product aphidicolin and its effects on cell cycle(More)
The development of cruzain inhibitors has been driven by the urgent need to develop novel and more effective drugs for the treatment of Chagas' disease. Herein, we report the lead optimization of a class of noncovalent cruzain inhibitors, starting from an inhibitor previously cocrystallized with the enzyme (K(i) = 0.8 μM). With the goal of achieving a(More)
Chagas disease is a very important neglected disease and millions of people live in endemic areas at the risk of acquiring the infection. Due to scarce and ineffective current chemotherapy, the introduction of new drugs on therapeutics is highly necessary. Bioisoster hybrids derivatives were previously designed, synthesized, and assayed in terms of(More)