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High-throughput screening (HTS) of large compound collections typically results in numerous small molecule hits that must be carefully evaluated to identify valid drug leads. Although several filtering mechanisms and other tools exist that can assist the chemist in this process, it is often the case that costly synthetic resources are expended in pursuing(More)
We have recently reported on the development of a La assay to detect reactive molecules by nuclear magnetic resonance (ALARM NMR) to detect reactive false positive hits from high-throughput screening, in which we observed a surprisingly large number of compounds that can oxidize or form covalent adducts with protein thiols groups. In the vast majority of(More)
The Bcl-2 family of proteins plays a major role in the regulation of apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Overexpression of the anti-apoptotic members of this family (Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), and Mcl-1) can render cancer cells resistant to chemotherapeutic agents and therefore these proteins are important targets for the development of new anti-cancer agents. Here(More)
The ectodomain of HIV-1 gp41 mediates the fusion of viral and host cellular membranes. The peptide-based drug Enfuvirtide(1) is precedent that antagonists of this fusion activity may act as anti HIV-agents. Here, NMR screening was used to discover non-peptide leads against this target and resulted in the discovery of a new benzamide 1 series. This series is(More)
Two new proteins of approximately 70 amino acids in length, corresponding to an unnaturally-linked N- and C-helix of the ectodomain of the gp41 protein from the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1, were designed and characterized. A designed tripeptide links the C-terminus of the C-helix with the N-terminus of the N-helix in a circular permutation so(More)
Reversal of aberrant gene expression that is induced by the proto-oncogene c-myc is likely to be effective for treating a variety of tumors that rely on this pathway for growth. One strategy to down-regulate the c-myc pathway is to target transcription factors that regulate its own expression. A host of proteins act in coordination to regulate c-myc(More)
A detailed chemometric analysis of ligand binding to domain-3A of human serum albumin is described. NMR and fluorescence data on a set of 889 chemically diverse compounds were used to develop a group contribution model based on 74 chemical fragments that is in good agreement with the experimental data (R2 = 0.94, Q2 = 0.90). The structural descriptors used(More)
Calsenilin is a member of the recoverin branch of the EF-hand superfamily that is reported to interact with presenilins, regulate prodynorphin gene expression, modulate voltage-gated Kv4 potassium channel function, and bind to neurotoxins. Calsenilin is a Ca+2-binding protein and plays an important role in calcium signaling. Despite its importance in(More)
NMR-based screening of protein targets has become a well established part of the drug discovery process especially with respect to fragments. However, as target size increases the two-dimensional spectra typically used for such screening become more crowded due to the increased number of signals, and the individual signals broaden due to the decreased(More)
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