Renad Z. Sagdeev

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The microbial community of the human gut has a crucial role in sustaining host homeostasis. High-throughput DNA sequencing has delineated the structural and functional configurations of gut metagenomes in world populations. The microbiota of the Russian population is of particular interest to researchers, because Russia encompasses a uniquely wide range of(More)
Quantitative metabolomic profiles of normal and cataractous human lenses were obtained with the combined use of high-frequency nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and high-performance liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass-spectrometric detection (LC-MS) methods. The concentration of more than fifty metabolites in the lens cortex and nucleus has been(More)
PURPOSE To determine age-related changes in the composition of the urea-soluble (US) protein fraction from lenses of senescence-accelerated OXYS (cataract model) and Wistar (control) rats and to establish posttranslational modifications (PTMs) occurring under enhanced oxidative stress in OXYS lenses. METHODS The identity and the relative abundance of(More)
This work is the first comprehensive report on the quantitative metabolomic composition of the rat lens. Quantitative metabolomic profiles of lenses were acquired with the combined use of high-frequency nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and high-performance liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass-spectrometric detection (LC-MS) methods. More than(More)
WE ARE DEEPLY DISTURBED BY THE RECENT ESCALATION OF POLITICAL ASSAULTS ON SCIENTISTS in general and on climate scientists in particular. All citizens should understand some basic scientifi c facts. There is always some uncertainty associated with scientifi c conclusions; science never absolutely proves anything. When someone says that society should wait(More)
We demonstrate the creation and observation of para-hydrogen-induced polarization in heterogeneous hydrogenation reactions. Wilkinson's catalyst, RhCl(PPh3)3, supported on either modified silica gel or a polymer, is shown to hydrogenate styrene into ethylbenzene and to produce enhanced spin polarizations, observed through NMR, when the reaction was(More)
Supplementation of senescence-accelerated OXYS rats with the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 and with the powder from Cistanche deserticola results in the deceleration of the cataract development and even in the improvement of lens transparency. The therapeutic effect of these preparations correlates with a significant elevation of tryptophan and(More)
As a model of chemical DNA repair, the reductive electron transfer from the aromatic amino acid tyrosine to the radical of the purine base guanosine monophosphate (GMP) was studied by time-resolved chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization (CIDNP). The guanosyl radicals were photochemically generated in the quenching reaction of the triplet excited(More)
The generating functions (GF) formalism was applied for calculation of spin density matrix evolution under the influence of periodic trains of RF pulses. It was shown that in a general case, closed expression for the generating function can be found that allows in many cases to derive analytical expressions for the generating function of spin density matrix(More)
Chemical reactions between the photoexcited triplet state of flavin mononucleotide and the aromatic amino acids, N-acetyl tryptophan (TrpH), N-acetyl tyrosine (TyrOH), and N-acetyl histidine (HisH) in aqueous solution have been studied in the pH range 2-12. Across the whole pH range, the principal mechanism of reaction of both TrpH and TyrOH is shown to be(More)