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To investigate the role of flagella and monomer flagellin in the interaction between Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and plants, non-polar fliC and fliD mutants were produced. The ORFs for fliC and fliD are deleted in the ΔfliC and ΔfliD mutants, respectively. Both mutants lost all flagella and were non-motile. The ΔfliC mutant did not produce flagellin,(More)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts that are 200 bp or longer, do not encode proteins, and potentially play important roles in eukaryotic gene regulation. However, the number, characteristics and expression inheritance pattern of lncRNAs in maize are still largely unknown. By exploiting available public EST databases, maize whole genome sequence(More)
The model pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 causes bacterial speck in tomato and Arabidopsis, but Nicotiana benthamiana, an important model plant, is considered to be a non-host. Strain DC3000 injects approximately 28 effector proteins into plant cells via the type III secretion system (T3SS). These proteins were individually delivered into N.(More)
Plant shoot organs arise from initial cells that are recruited from meristematic tissues. Previous studies have shown that members of the WUSCHEL-related HOMEOBOX (WOX) gene family function to organize various initial cell populations during plant development. The function of the WOX4 gene is previously undescribed in any plant species. Comparative analyses(More)
The WUSCHEL-related homeobox (WOX) gene PRESSED FLOWER1 (PRS1) performs a conserved function during lateral organ development in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Expressed in the periphery of the shoot meristem, PRS1 recruits founder cells that form lateral domains of vegetative and floral organs. Null mutations in PRS1 cause the deletion of lateral(More)
The model plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 grows and produces necrotic lesions in the leaves of its host, tomato. Both abilities are dependent upon the hypersensitive response and pathogenicity (Hrp) type III secretion system (TTSS), which translocates multiple effector proteins into plant cells. A previously constructed DC3000 mutant(More)
Epoxy fatty acids have a number of important uses and there is interest in enzymes catalyzing their synthesis from renewable sources. Both cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and divergent forms of di-iron desaturases are known to produce epoxy fatty acids in plants. Degenerate primers based on conserved sequences of delta12 desaturase-like genes led to the(More)
Emerging devastating diseases, such as Huanglongbing (HLB) and citrus canker, have caused tremendous losses to the citrus industry worldwide. Genetic engineering is a powerful approach that could allow us to increase citrus resistance against these diseases. The key to the success of this approach relies on a thorough understanding of defense mechanisms of(More)
Flagellin, a constituent of the flagellar filament, is a potent elicitor of hypersensitive cell death in plant cells. Flagellins of Pseudomonas syringae pvs. glycinea and tomato induce hypersensitive cell death in their non-host tobacco plants, whereas those of P. syringae pv. tabaci do not remarkably induce it in its host tobacco plants. However, the(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 is a pathogen of tomato and Arabidopsis that injects virulence effector proteins into host cells via a type III secretion system (TTSS). TTSS-deficient mutants have a Hrp- phenotype, that is, they cannot elicit the hypersensitive response (HR) in non-host plants or pathogenesis in host plants. Mutations in effector(More)