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In this study, we demonstrate the ability of a three-dimensional co-culture model to preserve some key aspects of differentiated hepatocyte function in vitro. Freshly isolated rat hepatocytes in co-culture with activated stellate cells rapidly aggregate to form well-defined viable spheroids. After 5 days in culture, the spheroids have a complex(More)
A major limitation in the construction of a functional engineered liver is the short-term survival and rapid de-differentiation of hepatocytes in culture. Heterotypic cell-cell interactions may have a role to play in modulating long-term hepatocyte behavior in engineered tissues. We describe the potential of 3T3 fibroblast cells in a co-culture system to(More)
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), also referred to as Ito cells, perisinusiodal cells and fat-storing cells, have numerous vital functions. They are the main extracellular matrix-producing cells within the liver and are involved in the storage of retinol. HSCs are also known to secrete a number of liver mitogens. Current isolation techniques are cumbersome and(More)
The advancement of elastomeric patterning techniques in recent years has significantly enhanced our ability to spatially control biomaterial surface chemistry at the micrometre level. The application of this technology to the patterning of biomolecules onto solid surfaces has created many potential applications including the development of advanced(More)
One of the greatest challenges in the attempt to create functional liver tissue in vitro is the maintenance of hepatocyte-specific functions. The pharmaceutical industry has long awaited the development of engineered liver tissue, which could represent a long-term, inducible, high-fidelity model for high-throughput screening of new drug compounds. It is(More)
Tissue formation within the body, as part of a development or repair process, is a complex event in which cell populations self-assemble into functional units. There is intense academic, medical, and commercial interest in finding methods of replicating these events outside the body. This interest has accelerated with the demonstration of the engineering of(More)
The purposes of this study were to investigate: (i) the identity of the opioid peptide(s) mediating tonic and stimulus-evoked inhibition of the sural-medial gastrocnemius reflex of the decerebrated, spinalized rabbit and (ii) the modulation of these processes by endogenous GABA. The selective delta receptor antagonist naltrindole (100 nmol kg(-1) i.v.), the(More)
Noxious mechanical and chemical stimuli were applied to the toes of the left hind limb of decerebrated, spinalized rabbits and their effects on a hind limb spinal withdrawal reflex and expression of Fos-like immunoreactivity in the spinal cord were measured. The animals were prepared so as to minimize nociceptive inputs arising from surgery. A single crush(More)
The expression of Fos-like immunoreactivity has been studied in spinal segments L5-S1 of decerebrated, unanaesthetized, but otherwise unstimulated rabbits. The aim of the study was to establish baseline levels of Fos in such preparations, and to examine how these might change after spinalization and opioid receptor blockade. In animals with an intact spinal(More)
The targeted adhesion of a specific cell type from a mixed cell suspension via the surface presentation of a cell-specific ligand is demonstrated. This generic strategy is illustrated by the covalent attachment of a galactose derivative to a polylysine backbone via the amine functionality. Following adsorption of the resultant material to a polymer surface,(More)
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