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The Neurospora crassa cot-1 gene encodes a Ser/Thr protein kinase, which is involved in hyphal elongation. Many vacuoles, abnormally shaped mitochondria, and nuclei, along with differences in the structure of the cell wall and hyphal septa, were observed in hyphae of the cot-1 mutant shortly after a shift to the restrictive temperature. Immunolocalization(More)
The neurotransmitter glutamate is neurotoxic when it is accumulated in a massive amount in the extracellular fluid. Excessive release of glutamate has been shown to be a major cause of neuronal degeneration after central nervous system injury. Under normal conditions, accumulation of synaptically released glutamate is prevented, at least in part, by a glial(More)
Two isoforms of the glucocorticoid receptor, with apparent molecular mass of 90 and 95 kDa, are expressed in embryonic chicken neural retina. The 95-kDa receptor represents a hyperphosphorylated form of the 90-kDa receptor. Activation of the glucocorticoid receptor by cortisol results in a dose-dependent increase in receptor phosphorylation, translocation(More)
Glutamine synthetase (GS) is a differentiation marker of retina glial cell. It is expressed in the chicken neural retina at a particularly high level, is inducible by glucocorticoids and is always confined to Müller glia. This study investigated the molecular basis for tissue and cell-type specific expression of the GS gene. A high level of GS expression in(More)
Members of the Ste20 and NDR protein kinase families are important for normal cell differentiation and morphogenesis in various organisms. We characterized POD6 (NCU02537.2), a novel member of the GCK family of Ste20 kinases that is essential for hyphal tip extension and coordinated branch formation in the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa. pod-6 and the(More)
Inducibility by glucocorticoids of the glutamine synthetase gene in chicken embryo retina and the transcriptional activity of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) greatly increase between embryonic days 6 and 10 (E6, E10), although the level of GR does not markedly change during that time. This apparent discrepancy was investigated by examining the pattern of(More)
The development of high-throughput technologies allows for evaluating gene expression at the whole-genome level. Together with proteomic and metabolomic studies, these analyses have resulted in the identification of plant genes whose function or expression is altered as a consequence of pathogen attacks. Members of the Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV)(More)
A functional capsid protein (CP) is essential for host plant infection and insect transmission of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) and other monopartite begomoviruses. We have previously shown that TYLCV CP specifically interacts with the heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) of the virus insect vector, Bemisia tabaci. Here we demonstrate that during the(More)
A defect in mcb, encoding the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) regulatory subunit in Neurospora crassa, which confers an apolar growth phenotype, is accompanied by an increase in PKA activity levels. Both PKA and CRE-1 [a key carbon catabolite repression (CCR) regulator] mediate the cellular response to carbon-source availability. Inactivation of the(More)