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Gulf War illness (GWI) affects a significant percentage of veterans of the 1991 conflict, but its origin remains unknown. Associated with some cases of GWI are increased incidences of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurological disorders. Whereas many environmental factors have been linked to GWI, the role of the anthrax vaccine has come under(More)
Behavioral effects of MKC-242 (5-{3-[((2>)-1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylmethyl)amino] propoxy}-1,3-benzodioxole CHl), a novel and selective serotonin 1A receptor agonist, were investigated in rats and mice and compared against those of diazepam, buspirone and tandospirone. MKC-242 (0.0625-0.25 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly increased punished drinking in water-deprived(More)
Epidemiological studies of the Guamanian variants of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and parkinsonism, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism dementia complex (ALS-PDC), have shown a positive correlation between consumption of washed cycad seed flour and disease occurrence. Previous in vivo studies by our group have shown that the same seed flour(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that primarily affects motor neurons and descending motor tracts of the CNS. We have evaluated the CNS of a murine model of familial ALS based on the over-expression of mutant human superoxide dismutase (mSOD; G93A) using magnetic resonance microscopy (MRM) and immunohistochemistry (IHC).(More)
Behavioral effects of 5-[3-[((2S)-1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylmethyl)amino]propoxy]-1,3-be nzodioxole HCl (MKC-242), a novel 5-HT1A-receptor agonist, were evaluated using animal models of anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorder and compared against reference compounds. MKC-242 suppressed foot shock-induced fighting behavior without loss of motor coordination in(More)
The pharmacological properties of MKC-231 (2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)-N- (2,3-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofuro[2,3-b]quinolin-4-yl) acetoamide, CAS 135463-81-9) in comparison with an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, tacrine (CAS 1684-40-8) were studied. MKC-231(10(-10)-10(-6) moll) significantly increased high affinity choline uptake (HACU) when it was(More)
Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) affects a high percentage of veterans of the 1991 conflict, but its origins remain unknown. One neurological complication of GWS is an increased incidence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). While many environmental factors have been linked to GWS, the role of the anthrax vaccine administered to deployed troops has come under(More)
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