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Food-borne parasitic zoonoses (FBPZs) cause death and serious diseases in humans and animals worldwide, and are of both public health significance and socioeconomic importance. The FBPZ problem is severe in mainland China, where approximately 150 million people are suffering from FBPZs and more people are at risk. Here, the current status of the FBPZ(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis causes eosinophilic meningitis and eosinophilic pleocytosis in humans and is of significant socio-economic importance globally. microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small non-coding RNAs that play crucial roles in gene expression regulation, cellular function and defense, homeostasis and pathogenesis. They have been identified in a(More)
The aim of the present study was to identify sex-specific genes in adult Anopheles anthropophagus. As the major malaria vector and Brugia malayi vector in the Asian continent, female Anopheles mosquitoes take blood meals and transmit pathogens through this pathway, while males are nectar feeders. This complex behavior is controlled at several levels, but is(More)
Clonorchiasis caused by the oriental liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis is a fish-borne zoonosis endemic in a number of countries. This article describes the development of a TaqMan based real-time PCR assay for detection of C. sinensis DNA in human feces and in fishes. Primers targeting the first internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) sequence of the fluke were(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels following hysterectomy and myomectomy. STUDY DESIGN Prospective longitudinal observational study. Serum AMH, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels were measured pre-operatively (T1) and 2 days (T2) and 3 months (T3) following hysterectomy and myomectomy in 70(More)
AIM Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 1 (SMPD1) plays an essential role in initiating the female germ cell death signal. To evaluate whether RNA interference has potential as a new approach in germ cell protection, we tested the effect of SMPD1 knockdown on human granulosa cells in vitro. METHODS We designed and synthesized three small interference RNA(More)
Culex pipiens pallens is the mosquito vector of a number of human pathogens such as Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and epidemic encephalitis B virus. Female C. pipiens pallens play an important role in transmitting pathogens by sucking blood, which is essential for reproduction. In the present study, a subtractive cDNA library for female C. pipiens(More)
Inhibition of the forkhead transcription factor, FOXO3a, can promote the transition from primordial to primary follicle and subsequent follicle development in mammalian ovaries. Stem cell factor (SCF) initiates anti-apoptotic signaling from its membrane receptor, c-kit, to Bcl-2 family members through PI3K/AKT in oocytes of primordial follicles. However,(More)
Stroke is a multiple genetic disease. Platelet-derived growth factor-D has been found to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, suggesting possible association between platelet-derived growth factor-D and the development of ischemic stroke. However, little information on the relationship between platelet-derived growth factor-D and stroke is(More)