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BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) has been suggested to actively participate in the development of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we examined the role of the potent endothelium-derived vasoactive factor endothelin-1 (ET-1) and the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) as mediators of CRP-induced proatherogenic processes. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Autologous bone marrow cells (BMCs) transplanted into ventricular scar tissue may differentiate into cardiomyocytes and restore myocardial function. This study evaluated cardiomyogenic differentiation of BMCs, their survival in myocardial scar tissue, and the effect of the implanted cells on heart function. METHODS AND RESULTS IN VITRO(More)
Engraftment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from adult bone marrow has been proposed as a potential therapeutic approach for postinfarction left ventricular dysfunction. However, limited cell viability after transplantation into the myocardium has restricted its regenerative capacity. In this study, we genetically modified MSCs with an(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with congenital heart disease frequently require graft material for repair of cardiac defects. However, currently available grafts lack growth potential and are noncontractile and thrombogenic. We have developed a viable cardiac graft that contracts spontaneously in tissue culture by seeding cells derived from fetal rat ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND Cell transplantation offers the promise in the restoration of ventricular function after an extensive myocardial infarction, but the optimal cell type remains controversial. Human unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSCs) isolated from umbilical cord blood have great potential to differentiate into myogenic cells and induce angiogenesis. The(More)
BACKGROUND Given the central importance of nitric oxide (NO) in the development and clinical course of cardiovascular diseases, we sought to determine whether the powerful predictive value of C-reactive protein (CRP) might be explained through an effect on NO production. METHODS AND RESULTS Endothelial cells (ECs) were incubated with recombinant CRP (0 to(More)
BACKGROUND Adipocyte-derived hormones may represent a mechanism linking insulin resistance to cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we evaluated the direct effects of resistin, a novel adipocyte-derived hormone, on endothelial activation. METHODS AND RESULTS Endothelial cells (ECs) were incubated with human recombinant resistin (10 to 100 ng/ML,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the mounting clinical burden of heart failure, the biomolecules that control myocardial tissue remodeling are poorly understood. TIMP-3 is an endogenous inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that has been found to be deficient in failing human myocardium. We hypothesized that TIMP-3 expression prevents maladaptive tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac consequences of obesity include inflammation, hypertrophy, and compromised energy metabolism. Glucagon-like peptide-1 is an incretin hormone capable of cytoprotective actions that reduces inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in other tissues. Here we examine the cardiac effects of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide in(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine the optimal time for cell transplantation after myocardial injury. METHODS The left ventricular free wall of adult rat hearts was cryoinjured and the animals were sacrificed at 0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks for histologic studies. Fetal rat cardiomyocytes (transplant) or culture medium (control) were transplanted(More)