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There is considerable interest in the role of metals such as iron, copper, and zinc in amyloid plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease. However to convincingly establish their presence in plaques in vivo, a sensitive technique is required that is both quantitatively accurate and avoids isolation of plaques or staining/fixing brain tissue, since these(More)
Several epidemiological studies have suggested that increased iron stores are associated with increased atherosclerotic events. In order to test the hypothesis that decreasing the vascular level of iron slows lesion growth, we examined the effects of the iron chelator Desferal (72 mg/kg/day, 5 days/week) on atherosclerosis and lesion iron content in(More)
Several studies have indicated a relationship between body iron content and cardiovascular disease, although other studies have not. There are also suggestions that zinc has an antioxidant and antiatherosclerotic effect. We have used Nuclear Microscopy, using the combination of Scanning Transmission Ion Microscopy (STIM), Rutherford Backscattering(More)
All clinically-approved and many novel gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents used to enhance signal intensity in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are optically silent. To verify MRI results, a "gold standard" that can map and quantify Gd down to the parts per million (ppm) levels is required. Nuclear microscopy is a relatively new technique that has this(More)
As part of the general host response to coxsackievirus B3 (CB3) infection, the concentration of essential and nonessential trace elements changes in different target organs of the infection. Essential (e.g., Se) and nonessential (e.g., Hg) trace elements are known to interact and affect inflammatory tissue lesions induced by CB3 infection. However, it is(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the etiology of atherosclerosis and even held responsible for plaque calcification. Transition metals such as iron aggravate oxidative stress. To understand the relation between calcium and iron in atherosclerotic lesions, a sensitive technique is required that is quantitatively accurate and avoids isolation of(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a potentially toxic metal widely distributed in the environment and known to cause adverse health effects in humans. During coxsackievirus infection, the concentrations of essential and nonessential trace elements (e.g., iron (Fe), copper (Cu), and Cd) change in different target organs of the infection. Fe and Cu are recognized cofactors in(More)
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