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In this study, ethanolic extracts from 18 seaweed variants were assessed for hepatoprotective activity against tacrine-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells. Only one of these, Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura (Laminariaceae), a member of the brown algae, exhibited promising hepatoprotective activity. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the active ethyl acetate(More)
Four protostane-type triterpenes, alisol B 23-acetate (1a), alisol C 23-acetate (2a), alisol B (3a), and alisol A 24-acetate (4a), were isolated from the rhizome of Alismatis plantago-aquatice L. var. orientale Samuelson (Alismataceae) and eleven protostane derivatives (compounds 1-11) were obtained by selective modification from alisol B 23-acetate (1a).(More)
Two stilbene glycosides, pieceid-2"-O-gallate and pieceid-2"-O-coumarate, were isolated from the MeOH extract of the roots of Pleuropterus ciliinervis Nakai (Polygonaceae), together with two known compounds, resveratrol and pieceid. Their structures were determined spectroscopically, particularly by 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis. The antioxidant activities(More)
A number of diseases that lead to injury of the central nervous system are caused by oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain. In this study, NNMBS275, consisting of the ethanol extract of Viola patrinii, showed potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. NNMBS275 increased cellular(More)
Two new lactones, litsealactone A (1) and litsealactone B (2), were isolated from the leaves of Litsea japonica, together with three known lactones, hamabiwalactone A (3), hamabiwalactone B (4), and akolactone B (5). Hamabiwalactone B (4) and akolactone B (5) significantly inhibited complement activity in an in vitro anti-complement assay, with IC(50)(More)
Two chromone glycosides, hyperimone A [7-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-5-hydroxy-2-(1-methylethyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one (1)] and hyperimone B [7-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one (2)], together with six known compounds were isolated from the methanolic extract of the whole plant of Hypericum erectum.(More)
The EtOH extract from the rhizomes of Astilbe chinensis (Saxifragaceae) exhibited potent antioxidant activity in preliminary screening. Since oxidative stress is known to be involved in the inflammatory response after UVB exposure, the ability of an A. chinensis extract to inhibit UVB-induced PGE2 and NO production was examined. UVB irradiation (35 mJ/cm2)(More)
The EtOH extract from the rhizomes of Astilbe koreana (Saxifragaceae) exhibited potent antioxidant activity in our recent study. Since the oxidative stress is known to be involved in the inflammatory response after ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure, the ability of the A. koreana extract to inhibit UVB-induced prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO)(More)
Two new iridoids, named patridoid I (1) and patridoid II (2), were isolated from the whole plant of Patrinia saniculaefolia (Valerianaceae), together with the known one, nardostachin (3). The structures of compounds 1 and 2 were established on the basis of spectroscopic methods, including two dimensional (2D NMR) and high resolution fast atom bombardment(More)
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