Renério Fráguas

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Reduced resting global cerebral blood flow has been previously detected in association with heart failure (HF), but it is not clear whether there are brain regions that could be specifically affected by those brain perfusion deficits. The authors used a fully automated, voxel-based image analysis method to investigate, across the(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and cardiovascular diseases are intimately associated. Depression is an independent risk factor for mortality in cardiovascular samples. Neuroendocrine dysfunctions in MDD are related to an overactive hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and increased sympathetic activity. Novel intervention strategies for MDD include(More)
OBJECTIVE An increased association between depression and cardiovascular disease, as well as cardiovascular risk factors, led to the "vascular depression" hypothesis. This subtype of depression is postulated to have a different clinical presentation and to be more treatment-resistant. In this study, we measured the impact of cardiovascular risk factors on(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the links between depression and cognitive functioning in patients with Hepatitis C and other chronic liver diseases with and without the use of alcohol on the waiting list for liver transplantation and their associations with the MELD classification. METHOD 40 patients were evaluated on a waiting list for liver transplant by a(More)
Previous reports of increased rates of cardiovascular risk factors in major depressive disorder (MDD) with anger attacks led the authors to hypothesize that MDD with anger attacks may be associated with brain vascular changes (magnetic resonance imaging white matter hyperintensities [WMHs]). Sixty-five subjects meeting DSM-III-R criteria for major(More)
BACKGROUND Irritability is a common feature of major depressive disorder (MDD), though it is not included in the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for adult MDD and is not assessed in most standard depression rating scales. Irritability with or without depression has been associated with risk for suicide, violence, and cardiovascular disease. METHOD The(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the relevance of lesion in neural circuits reported to be associated with major depressive disorder. We investigated the association between lesion stroke size in the limbic-cortical-striatal-pallidal-thalamic (LCSPT) circuit and incidence of major depressive episode (MDE). METHODS We enrolled 68 patients with first-ever(More)
Distinct factors have been identified as potential predictors of antidepressant treatment response. Although autonomic function changes have been described in depressive subjects, their value as predictors of antidepressant response has not been systematically evaluated. Eight un-medicated patients with major depressive order (MDD) have their skin(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk factors for delirium in the elderly during the post-operative period of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS A total of 220 inpatients submitted to CABG were evaluated prior to and after surgery. In order to investigate the possible risk factors, data were collected from pre- intra- and post-operative(More)
The relevance of the relationship between cardiac disease and depressive symptoms is well established. White matter hyperintensity, a bright signal area in the brain on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans, has been separately associated with cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac disease and late-life depression. However, no study has directly(More)