Renée Savard

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A variety of studies has a need to estimate the amount and pattern of daily energy expenditure. To this end, a 3-day activity record was developed and is described. Every 15-min period over 3 days, including a weekend day, was qualified in terms of energy cost on a 1 to 9 scale corresponding to a range of 1.0 MET to 7.8 METs and higher. A reliability study(More)
Twenty-three male subjects, 31.7 (mean) +/- 7.4 (s.d.) yr of age, weight 70.7 +/- 9.0 kg and with 13.4 +/- 4.7 percent body fat were submitted twice within a week to biopsies of subcutaneous adipose tissue in the suprailiac region. Two biopsies (sample A and B) were obtained on day 1 and two others (sample C and D) in the contralateral region on day 2.(More)
In order to study the influence of heredity on resting metabolic rate (RMR), 20 monozygotic and 19 dizygotic male twins pairs aged 20.6 (SD 2.9) and 21.4 (SD 3.1) years, gave their consent to participate in the experiment. Fat free weight (FFW) was estimated from underwater weighing. RMR was measured by indirect calorimetry using an open circuit system. RMR(More)
Lipogenesis from glucose and lipoprotein lipase activity were investigated in humans. The reliability of measurements was quantified and correlations with fat cell weight were assessed. Twenty-four subjects (7 women, 17 men) were studied twice within a 2-week period, along with 17 additional male subjects who were studied once and used only in the(More)
In order to study the acute effects of exercise on adipose tissue metabolism, 27 sedentary male subjects, 18 to 27 years of age, performed a prolonged aerobic exercise test. Biopsies of adipose tissue were obtained from the suprailiac fat depot before and immediately after a 90-minute period of exercise on ergocycle at an average intensity of 88% of maximal(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD) has been shown to decrease allogeneic blood transfusion requirements in major elective surgery. Changes in transfusion practice motivated an examination of blood use from 1993 to 2000 of patients participating in the Héma-Québec PABD program. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Blood donation and transfusion,(More)
In order to assess the effect of endurance training on adipose-tissue morphology and lipolysis, 22 adult subjects (11 men and 11 women) took part in a 20-week ergocycle training program, four to five days a week, 40 minutes a day, at 80% of their maximal heart rate. Before and after training, they were submitted to an adipose-tissue biopsy in the suprailiac(More)
Family resemblance in fatness has been studied in 481 individuals from 114 families of French descent living in the greater Quebec city area. Subjects were measured for the following fatness indicators: triceps, biceps, subscapular, suprailiac, abdominal and medial calf skinfolds. The sum of these six skinfolds as well as a prediction of percent body fat(More)
In order to study the effects of heredity and of physical training on adipose tissue morphology and metabolism, 15 pairs of monozygotic twins (MZ) (six males and nine females), aged from 16 to 24 years, weighing 56.2 +/- 9.1 kg and with 13.9 +/- 8.2 percent body fat, were submitted to a biopsy of adipose tissue in the suprailiac region. In addition, eight(More)