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An experimental study was conducted to evaluate the potential presence of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in the semen of infected boars. Four mature boars were inoculated intranasally with PCV2 isolate LHVA-V53 propagated on PK15 cells. Two boars inoculated with the supernatant of noninfected PK15 cells were kept as controls. Serum samples were collected(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) has been associated with a newly identified and described disease in swine called the postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). An association of PCV2 with various other clinical conditions in pigs are also increasingly being reported. To date molecular studies to determine the extent of genetic variations of this(More)
A multiplex PCR assay was developed to detect and differentiate between the porcine circovirus (PCV) infecting persistently the PK 15 cell line (PCV type I) and the PCV associated with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) (PCV type II). DNA products with unique sizes characteristic of each type of PCV were obtained. Sequencing of these products(More)
A retrospective serological survey was performed to determine the presence of antibodies to porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in serum samples collected from sows at slaughterhouses in Canada in 1985, 1989, and 1997. Each serum sample was tested by indirect immunofluorescence on PCV-free PK15 cells, on PCV1-infected PK15(More)
The present study compares the morphology of the nasal conchae and the relative development (i.e., surface area and neurosensory cell number) of the olfactory epithelium between four species of shrews occupying different ecotopes (Blarina brevicauda, Sorex cinereus, S. fumeus, S. palustris). The number of olfactory cells was corrected for split cell error.(More)
Fifteen Canadian field isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus from Quebec and Ontario were compared with 5 US PRRS virus (PRRSV) isolates and with the European Lelystad isolate using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) SDOW17, EP147, and VO17 directed to the 15-kDa nucleocapsid protein of PRRSV. All Canadian and US isolates tested(More)
A retrospective study on pig lung tissues from 60 cases of proliferative and necrotizing pneumonia (PNP) was performed to determine the presence of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), swine influenza virus (SIV), and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in these lesions. Cases selected included 30 cases diagnosed between 1988 and 1992(More)
Weaned specific pathogen-free pigs were inoculated intranasally with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and killed in groups of two or three animals at 6, 13, 20, 27 and 34 days post-inoculation (dpi), together with appropriate uninfected controls, for examination by histopathological, immunohistochemical (immunogold silver staining; IGSS), polymerase chain(More)