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Thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase and NADPH form the thioredoxin system and are the major cellular protein disulphide reductase. We report here that Escherichia coli thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase interact with unfolded and denatured proteins, in a manner similar to that of molecular chaperones that are involved in protein folding and protein(More)
Hsp31, the Escherichia coli hcha gene product, is a molecular chaperone whose activity is inhibited by ATP at high temperature. Its crystal structure reveals a putative Cys(184), His(185), and Asp(213) catalytic triad similar to that of the Pyrococcus horikoshii protease PH1704, suggesting that it should display a proteolytic activity. A preliminary report(More)
YhbO is a member of the DJ-1/ThiJ/Pfp1 superfamily, which includes chaperones, peptidases, and the Parkinson's disease protein DJ-1. A yhbO-disrupted mutant of Escherichia coli is highly sensitive to oxidative, thermal, UV, and pH stresses, and the putative nucleophilic cysteine C104 of YhbO is required for stress resistance. These results suggest that YhbO(More)
Spontaneous and induced mitotic crossingover, mitotic gene conversion and point mutation were studied in a set of diploid strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae carrying rad3, lacking excision repair, or rad6, lacking error prone repair, or fully repair competent. All three endpoints could be studied in one and the same strain. Spontaneous frequencies of(More)
We cloned, expressed, and purified the hdeB gene product, which belongs to the hdeAB acid stress operon. We extracted HdeB from bacteria by the osmotic-shock procedure and purified it to homogeneity by ion-exchange chromatography and hydroxyapatite chromatography. Its identity was confirmed by mass spectrometry analysis. HdeB has a molecular mass of 10 kDa(More)
We used preS2-S'-beta-galactosidase, a three-domain fusion protein that aggregates extensively at 43 degrees C in the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli, to search for multicopy suppressors of protein aggregation and inclusion body formation and took advantage of the known differential solubility of preS2-S'-beta-galactosidase at 37 and 43 degrees C to develop a(More)
The acid stress chaperones HdeA and HdeB of Escherichia coli prevent the aggregation of periplasmic proteins at acidic pH. We show in this report that they also form mixed aggregates with proteins that have failed to be solubilized at acidic pH and allow their subsequent solubilization at neutral pH. HdeA, HdeB, and HdeA and HdeB together display an(More)
A particular outer membrane fraction previously defined as possessing specific affinity for the hemimethylated form of the origin of replication of the E. coli chromosome (oriC) is shown to inhibit the initiation of DNA synthesis at this site on hemimethylated DNA templates in vitro. The replication of fully methylated or unmethylated DNA templates is not(More)
We have cloned, purified to homogeneity, and characterized as a molecular chaperone the Escherichia coli YedU protein. The purified protein shows a single band at 31 kDa on SDS-polyacrylamide gels and forms dimers in solution. Like other chaperones, YedU interacts with unfolded and denatured proteins. It promotes the functional folding of citrate synthase(More)