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Thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase and NADPH form the thioredoxin system and are the major cellular protein disulphide reductase. We report here that Escherichia coli thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase interact with unfolded and denatured proteins, in a manner similar to that of molecular chaperones that are involved in protein folding and protein(More)
YhbO is a member of the DJ-1/ThiJ/Pfp1 superfamily, which includes chaperones, peptidases, and the Parkinson's disease protein DJ-1. A yhbO-disrupted mutant of Escherichia coli is highly sensitive to oxidative, thermal, UV, and pH stresses, and the putative nucleophilic cysteine C104 of YhbO is required for stress resistance. These results suggest that YhbO(More)
Hsp31, the Escherichia coli hcha gene product, is a molecular chaperone whose activity is inhibited by ATP at high temperature. Its crystal structure reveals a putative Cys(184), His(185), and Asp(213) catalytic triad similar to that of the Pyrococcus horikoshii protease PH1704, suggesting that it should display a proteolytic activity. A preliminary report(More)
We cloned, expressed, and purified the Escherichia coli yhbO gene product, which is an amino acid sequence homolog to the Bacillus subtilis general stress protein 18 (the yfkM gene product), the Pyrococcus furiosus intracellular protease PfpI, and the human Parkinson disease protein DJ-1. The gene coding for YhbO was generated by amplifying the yhbO gene(More)
The outer membrane of Escherichia coli binds the origin of DNA replication (oriC) only when it is hemimethylated. We report here the results of a footprinting analysis with the outer membrane which demonstrate that its interaction with oriC occurs mainly at the left moiety of the minimal oriC, where 10 out of 11 Dam methylation sites are concentrated. Two(More)
A particular outer membrane fraction previously defined as possessing specific affinity for the hemimethylated form of the origin of replication of the E. coli chromosome (oriC) is shown to inhibit the initiation of DNA synthesis at this site on hemimethylated DNA templates in vitro. The replication of fully methylated or unmethylated DNA templates is not(More)
Since, like other osmolytes, proline can act as a protein stabilizer, we investigated the thermoprotectant properties of proline in vitro and in vivo. In vivo, elevated proline pools in Escherichia coli (obtained by altering the feedback inhibition by proline of gamma-glutamylkinase, the first enzyme of the proline biosynthesis pathway) restore the(More)
Spontaneous and induced mitotic crossingover, mitotic gene conversion and point mutation were studied in a set of diploid strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae carrying rad3, lacking excision repair, or rad6, lacking error prone repair, or fully repair competent. All three endpoints could be studied in one and the same strain. Spontaneous frequencies of(More)
oriC DNA in the hemimethylated (but not in the fully methylated) state reacts with an Escherichia coli K-12 outer membrane preparation. This reaction is drastically reduced when the membrane preparation of a seqA null mutant is used. An in vitro reconstitution of the activity was undertaken by adding a partially purified SeqA protein to a seqA mutant(More)
Escherichia coli contains two thioredoxins, Trx1 and Trx2, and a thioredoxin-like protein, YbbN, which presents a strong homology in its N-terminal part with thioredoxins, and possesses a 20kDa C-terminal part of unknown function. We reported previously that YbbN displays both protein oxido-reductase and chaperone properties in vitro. In this study, we show(More)