Renée Bazin

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The increasing use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in diagnostic reagents necessitates efficient and cost-effective mAb production methods. In blood banks, one of the most routinely used reagents is the anti-human IgG reagent used for the detection of non-agglutinating antibodies. Here we report the production of a functional, purified anti-human IgG,(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) are concentrated formulations of human IgG prepared by industrial fractionation of large pools of individual plasma donations. IVIg were developed 20 years ago for the prophylaxis support of immunodeficient patients. However, IVIg have been increasingly used since 10 years, in the treatment of many autoimmune and(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is currently evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system. To assess its capacity to reach central therapeutic targets, the brain bioavailability of IVIg must be determined. We thus quantified the passage of IVIg through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of C57Bl/6 mice using(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is currently in clinical study for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, preclinical investigations are required to better understand AD-relevant outcomes of IVIg treatment and develop replacement therapies in case of unsustainable supply. We investigated the effects of IVIg in the 3xTg-AD mouse model, which reproduces both Aβ(More)
Several clinical studies done with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg)-treated autoimmune patients as well as several in vitro studies have revealed that IVIg can reduce polyclonal T-cell activation and modify their cytokine secretion pattern. However, their effect on (auto)antigen-specific T-cell responses has never been addressed directly. In the present(More)
Previous work from our laboratory revealed that IVIg interacted with intracellular proteins involved in antigen presentation in B cells, suggesting that IVIg might interfere with the process of antigen presentation in these cells. In the present work, we used an in vitro assay with ovalbumin as model antigen and showed that IVIg inhibited both BCR-dependent(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) are concentrated preparations of purified human plasma-derived IgG routinely used in the treatment of many autoimmune diseases. Their precise mechanisms of therapeutic action have remained unclear in most diseases and are attracting much interest due to the rapidly increasing use of this precious plasma-derived product.(More)
Human B cells can be cultured ex vivo for a few weeks, following stimulation of the CD40 cell surface molecule in the presence of recombinant cytokines such as interleukin-4 (IL-4). However, attempts to produce polyclonal antigen-specific human antibodies by in vitro culture of human B cells obtained from immunized donors have not been successful. It has(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is a therapeutic preparation of plasma-derived human IgG and is increasingly used for the treatment of several neurological inflammatory disorders. However, it is not clear whether the IgG molecules contained in IVIg can actually cross the BBB in treated patients. We recently showed that LRP1, an endocytic receptor involved(More)
The immune tolerance induced by IVIg treatment is generally attributed to its capacity to modulate the functions of antigen presenting cells and to induce the expansion of regulatory T cells by mechanisms that are not well-defined. Herein, we investigated the contribution of the TNF-α/TGF-β/IDO axis to IVIg-induced immune tolerance. We show that high dose(More)