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The immune tolerance induced by IVIg treatment is generally attributed to its capacity to modulate the functions of antigen presenting cells and to induce the expansion of regulatory T cells by mechanisms that are not well-defined. Herein, we investigated the contribution of the TNF-α/TGF-β/IDO axis to IVIg-induced immune tolerance. We show that high dose(More)
Several clinical studies done with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg)-treated autoimmune patients as well as several in vitro studies have revealed that IVIg can reduce polyclonal T-cell activation and modify their cytokine secretion pattern. However, their effect on (auto)antigen-specific T-cell responses has never been addressed directly. In the present(More)
The increasing use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in diagnostic reagents necessitates efficient and cost-effective mAb production methods. In blood banks, one of the most routinely used reagents is the anti-human IgG reagent used for the detection of non-agglutinating antibodies. Here we report the production of a functional, purified anti-human IgG,(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) are concentrated formulations of human IgG prepared by industrial fractionation of large pools of individual plasma donations. IVIg were developed 20 years ago for the prophylaxis support of immunodeficient patients. However, IVIg have been increasingly used since 10 years, in the treatment of many autoimmune and(More)
The addition of macrophage feeder cells or conditioned medium has been shown to increase the yield of murine hybridomas obtained after the fusion of myeloma cells and activated B lymphocytes. It has been shown recently that the conditioned medium contains a growth factor (HGF) active on newly formed hybridomas and that the human HGF is similar to B cell(More)
BACKGROUND The detection by EIA of antibodies (Abs) specific to HIV antigens in the serum of blood donors is important for transfusion safety. A small but significant number of donor sera (0.1-0.3%) yield false-positive results in EIA, and these donors must be permanently deferred from the blood donor list, causing operational and public relations problems.(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) have immunomodulatory effects in vivo and are widely used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases, such as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The mechanisms by which IVIg can prevent platelet clearance in ITP patients are not fully understood but are known to require the participation of low affinity Fcgamma(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is currently in clinical study for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, preclinical investigations are required to better understand AD-relevant outcomes of IVIg treatment and develop replacement therapies in case of unsustainable supply. We investigated the effects of IVIg in the 3xTg-AD mouse model, which reproduces both Aβ(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is currently evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system. To assess its capacity to reach central therapeutic targets, the brain bioavailability of IVIg must be determined. We thus quantified the passage of IVIg through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of C57Bl/6 mice using(More)
Previous work from our laboratory revealed that IVIg interacted with intracellular proteins involved in antigen presentation in B cells, suggesting that IVIg might interfere with the process of antigen presentation in these cells. In the present work, we used an in vitro assay with ovalbumin as model antigen and showed that IVIg inhibited both BCR-dependent(More)