René Toral-Martiñón

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Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a non-invasive method used to assess motor function in humans; however, some reports suggest it may cause internal ear damage (cochlear). Eighteen patients with normal auditory function (ages 2 months to 16 years, mean 6.8 years), two medical doctors and two technicians who performed the studies were tested with brain(More)
Lesions produced by exposure to noise are frequent in everyday life. Injuries may be found in all systems of the human body, from the digestive to the endocrine, from the cardiovascular to the nervous system. Many organs may be damaged, the ear being one of them. It is known that noise produced by factories, airports, musical instruments and even toys can(More)
This study was done to ascertain prospectively whether distortion product-evoked otoacoustic emissions (DP-EOAE) might detect changes in specific frequencies damaged in inner ear function earlier, before they become permanent after cisplatinum exposure for cancer treatment in children. Sixteen children treated with cisplatinum for various types of cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Cisplatin is a widely used chemotherapy agent that has several adverse effects, such as ototoxicity. Evaluation of hearing loss due to cisplatin therapy in children is difficult. The purpose of this study was to compare the validity of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) with pure tone audiometry (PTA) in assessing hearing loss in(More)
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