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Integrins are important mediators of cell adhesion to extracellular ligands and can transduce biochemical signals both into and out of cells. The cytoplasmic domains of integrins interact with several structural and signalling proteins and consequently participate in the regulation of cell shape, motility, growth and differentiation. It has been shown that(More)
Chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation requires their attachment to the collagen type II-rich matrix of developing bone. This interaction is mediated by integrins and their cytoplasmic effectors, such as the integrin-linked kinase (ILK). To elucidate the molecular mechanisms whereby integrins control these processes, we have specifically inactivated(More)
HES6 is a novel member of the family of basic helix-loop-helix mammalian homologues of Drosophila Hairy and Enhancer of split. We have analyzed the biochemical and functional roles of HES6 in myoblasts. HES6 interacted with the corepressor transducin-like Enhancer of split 1 in yeast and mammalian cells through its WRPW COOH-terminal motif. HES6 repressed(More)
25-Hydroxyvitamin D(3) 1alpha-hydroxylase encoded by CYP27B1 converts 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) into 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), a vitamin D receptor ligand. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D(3) has been regarded as a prohormone. Using Cyp27b1 knockout cells and a 1alpha-hydroxylase-specific inhibitor we provide in four cellular systems, primary mouse kidney, skin,(More)
In order to further understand the factors which influence the normal or pathologic growth of the prostate, we have characterized the receptor for epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the rat ventral prostate and have studied the hormonal regulation in this receptor. EGF binds to a single class of saturable, high affinity binding sites in total prostatic(More)
The CYP24A1 enzyme (25-hydroxyvitamin D-24-hydroxylase) not only is involved in the catabolic breakdown of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] but also generates the 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [24,25(OH)2D] metabolite. The biological activity of 24,25(OH)2D remains controversial. While in vitro studies suggest that primary cultures of rat rib chondrocytes(More)
The 1,25-(OH)(2)D metabolite mediates the endocrine actions of vitamin D by regulating in the small intestine the expression of target genes that play a critical role in intestinal calcium absorption. The major role of the vitamin D hormone on bone is indirect and mediated through its endocrine function on mineral homeostasis. However, genetic manipulation(More)
Recent studies have shown that the multifunctional protein calreticulin can localize to the cell nucleus and regulate gene transcription via its ability to bind a protein motif in the DNA-binding domain of nuclear hormone receptors. A number of known modulators of bone cell function, including vitamin D, act through this receptor family, suggesting that(More)
The treatment of choice for pseudo Vitamin D deficiency rickets (PDDR), caused by mutations in the 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27B1; 1alpha-OHase) gene, is replacement therapy with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). We have previously engineered an animal model of PDDR by targeted inactivation of the 1alpha-OHase gene in mice (Endocrinology 142 (2001) 3135).(More)