René St-Arnaud

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Formation of tooth enamel is a very complex process in which a specific set of proteins secreted by ameloblasts play a primordial role. As part of a screening procedure to identify novel proteins secreted by EO (enamel organ) cells of rat incisors, we isolated a partial cDNA fragment (EO-017) that is the homologue of the recently described mouse Amtn(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (Ilk) is a scaffold and kinase that links integrin receptors to the actin cytoskeleton and to signaling pathways involved in cell adhesion, migration, and extracellular matrix deposition. Targeted deletion of Ilk from embryonic mouse dorsal forebrain neuroepithelium results in severe cortical lamination defects resembling cobblestone(More)
Integrins are important mediators of cell adhesion to extracellular ligands and can transduce biochemical signals both into and out of cells. The cytoplasmic domains of integrins interact with several structural and signalling proteins and consequently participate in the regulation of cell shape, motility, growth and differentiation. It has been shown that(More)
Chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation requires their attachment to the collagen type II-rich matrix of developing bone. This interaction is mediated by integrins and their cytoplasmic effectors, such as the integrin-linked kinase (ILK). To elucidate the molecular mechanisms whereby integrins control these processes, we have specifically inactivated(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of proteinuria and congenital nephrotic syndrome. However, the function of ILK in glomerular podocyte in a physiologic setting remains unknown. In this study, a mouse model was generated in which ILK gene was selectively disrupted in podocytes by using the Cre-LoxP system.(More)
We report the characterization of clone 1.9.2, a gene expressed in mineralizing osteoblasts. Remarkably, clone 1.9.2 is the murine homolog of the alpha chain of the nascent polypeptide-associated complex (alpha-NAC). Based on sequence similarities between alpha-NAC/1.9.2 and transcriptional regulatory proteins and the fact that the heterodimerization(More)
NAC (nascent polypeptide-associated complex) was recently purified as an alpha/beta heterodimeric complex binding the newly synthesized polypeptide chains as they emerge from the ribosome. We have identified, cloned, and characterized a muscle-specific isoform of alphaNAC. The 7.0-kb mRNA arises from differential splicing-in of a 6.0 kb-exon giving rise to(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that plays an important role in integrin signaling and cell proliferation. We used Cre recombinase (Cre)-loxP technology to study CNS restricted knock-out of the ilk gene by either Nestin-driven or gfap-driven Cre-mediated recombination. Developmental changes in ilk-excised brain regions are(More)
We previously reported expression of a protein by enamel organ (EO) cells in rat incisors, originally isolated from the amyloid of Pindborg odontogenic tumors called Apin. The aim of the present study was to further characterize the Apin gene and its protein in various species, assess tissue specificity, and clarify its localization within the EO. Northern(More)
Vitamin D requires two metabolic conversions, 25-hydroxylation in the liver and 1alpha-hydroxylation in the kidney, before its hormonal form, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D], can bind to the vitamin D receptor (VDR) to modulate gene transcription and regulate mineral ion homeostasis. The receptor and metabolic enzymes are expressed in many tissues,(More)