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Integrins are important mediators of cell adhesion to extracellular ligands and can transduce biochemical signals both into and out of cells. The cytoplasmic domains of integrins interact with several structural and signalling proteins and consequently participate in the regulation of cell shape, motility, growth and differentiation. It has been shown that(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that plays an important role in integrin signaling and cell proliferation. We used Cre recombinase (Cre)-loxP technology to study CNS restricted knock-out of the ilk gene by either Nestin-driven or gfap-driven Cre-mediated recombination. Developmental changes in ilk-excised brain regions are(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 23 null mice (Fgf-23-/-) have a short lifespan and show numerous biochemical and morphological features consistent with premature aging-like phenotypes, including kyphosis, severe muscle wasting, hypogonadism, osteopenia, emphysema, uncoordinated movement, T cell dysregulation, and atrophy of the intestinal villi, skin, thymus, and(More)
It is now well established that chronic treatment with GnRH agonists offers an advantageous alternative to orchiectomy and estrogens for the treatment of prostate cancer. Castration levels of androgens can thus be easily achieved without side effects other than those related to castration levels of serum androgens. However, man is unique among species in(More)
Formation of tooth enamel is a very complex process in which a specific set of proteins secreted by ameloblasts play a primordial role. As part of a screening procedure to identify novel proteins secreted by EO (enamel organ) cells of rat incisors, we isolated a partial cDNA fragment (EO-017) that is the homologue of the recently described mouse Amtn(More)
NAC (nascent polypeptide-associated complex) was recently purified as an alpha/beta heterodimeric complex binding the newly synthesized polypeptide chains as they emerge from the ribosome. We have identified, cloned, and characterized a muscle-specific isoform of alphaNAC. The 7.0-kb mRNA arises from differential splicing-in of a 6.0 kb-exon giving rise to(More)
The secretome represents the subset of proteins that are targeted by signal peptides to the endoplasmic reticulum. Among those, secreted proteins play a pivotal role because they regulate determinant cell activities such as differentiation and intercellular communication. In calcified tissues, they also represent key players in extracellular mineralization.(More)
The CYP24A1 enzyme (25-hydroxyvitamin D-24-hydroxylase) not only is involved in the catabolic breakdown of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] but also generates the 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [24,25(OH)2D] metabolite. The biological activity of 24,25(OH)2D remains controversial. While in vitro studies suggest that primary cultures of rat rib chondrocytes(More)
Mutations in the 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP27B1; 1alpha-OHase) cause pseudo vitamin D deficiency rickets (PDDR), while mutations in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) cause hereditary vitamin D resistance rickets. Animal models of both diseases have been engineered. The bone phenotype of VDR-ablated mice can be completely rescued by feeding(More)
Pseudovitamin D-deficiency rickets is caused by mutations in the cytochrome P450 enzyme, 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha-OHase). Patients with the disease exhibit growth retardation, rickets, and osteomalacia. Serum biochemistry is characterized by hypocalcemia, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and undetectable levels of(More)