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BACKGROUND Case reports and echocardiographic studies suggest that the ergot-derived dopamine agonists pergolide and cabergoline, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease and the restless legs syndrome, may increase the risk of cardiac-valve regurgitation. METHODS We used data from the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database to identify a(More)
OBJECTIVE Use of antidepressants has been reported to cause considerable weight gain. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of diabetes mellitus associated with antidepressant treatment and to examine whether the risk is influenced by treatment duration or daily dose. METHOD This was a nested case-control study in a cohort of 165,958 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several randomized trials and a large number of epidemiological studies have provided evidence of an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction associated with the use of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Few data are available concerning the risk of ischemic stroke associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Data on utilization patterns and safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in children are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utilization of NSAIDs among children in four European countries as part of the Safety Of non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (SOS) project. METHODS We used longitudinal patient data(More)
The aim of present study was to investigate the risk of heart failure associated with dopamine agonist use in patients with Parkinson's disease. The data sources of this study were four different population-based, healthcare databases in United Kingdom, Italy and Netherlands. A case control study nested within a cohort of Parkinson's disease patients who(More)
BACKGROUND Gastro-protective agents (GPA) are co-prescribed with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) to lower the risk of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) events. It is unknown to what extent the protective effect is influenced by therapy adherence. AIM To study the association between GPA adherence and UGI events among non-selective (ns) NSAID(More)
The intra-individual variation in the concentrations of serum cholesterol, triglycerides and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-chol) was determined in 53 healthy subjects, without extreme standardization of test subjects and sampling conditions. Within 1 year, the intra-individual variation of the subjects ranged from 3.9 to 10.9% for cholesterol;(More)
OBJECTIVE Guidelines recommend coprescription of gastroprotective agents (GPAs) in patients receiving cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors (coxibs) who are at high risk of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract complications (i.e., patients with a previous complicated ulcer or with multiple risk factors). Suboptimal GPA adherence has been shown to diminish the(More)
BACKGROUND A recent meta-analysis of randomized trials revealed that antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) as a class increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior. We conducted an observational study with data from the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database to investigate if an increase in risk for different groups of AEDs is also evident in clinical(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing evidence that ergot dopamine agonists may induce cardiac valve regurgitation (CVR) in persons with Parkinson's disease. It is unclear whether the CVR risk is increased with ergot-dopamine agonist use in persons with hyperprolactinaemia, in whom the dose is much lower. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to explore the(More)