Learn More
We studied nine infant patients with a combination of progressive neurological and hepatic failure. Eight children, including two sibling pairs and four singletons, were affected by Alpers' hepatopathic poliodystrophy. A ninth baby patient suffered of a severe floppy infant syndrome associated with liver failure. Analysis of POLG1, the gene encoding the(More)
We studied nine infant patients with a combination of progressive neurological and hepatic failure. Eight children, including two sibling pairs and four singletons, were affected by Alpers' hepatopathic poliodystrophy. A ninth baby patient suffered of a severe floppy infant syndrome associated with liver failure. Analysis of POLG1, the gene encoding the(More)
One pedigree with four patients has been recently described with mitochondrial DNA depletion and mutation in SUCLA2 gene leading to succinyl-CoA synthase deficiency. Patients had a Leigh-like encephalomyopathy and deafness but besides the presence of lactic acidosis, the profile of urine organic acid was not reported. We have studied 14 patients with mild(More)
BACKGROUND Typical cases of glucose transporter-1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS) present with early-onset epilepsy. We report symptoms, diagnostic results, and effects of therapy in two patients diagnosed with GLUT1-DS at the age of 10 and 15 years, respectively. PATIENTS Patient 1: After four cerebral seizures in the first 2 years of life the patient was(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive mutations in MPV17 (OMIM *137960) have been identified in the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS). OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical, morphologic, and genetic findings in 3 children with MPV17-related MDS from 2 unrelated families. DESIGN Case report. SETTING Academic research. MAIN(More)
The role of SGLT2 (the gene for a renal sodium-dependent glucose transporter) in renal glucosuria was evaluated. Therefore, its genomic sequence and its intron-exon organization were determined, and 23 families with index cases were analyzed for mutations. In 21 families, 21 different SGLT2 mutations were detected. Most of them were private; only a splice(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCC) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of leucine metabolism caused by mutations in MCCC1 or MCCC2 encoding the α and β subunit of MCC, respectively. The phenotype is highly variable ranging from acute neonatal onset with fatal outcome to asymptomatic adults. METHODS We report clinical,(More)
Urea cycle disorders (UCDs) are inborn errors of ammonia detoxification/arginine synthesis due to defects affecting the catalysts of the Krebs-Henseleit cycle (five core enzymes, one activating enzyme and one mitochondrial ornithine/citrulline antiporter) with an estimated incidence of 1:8.000. Patients present with hyperammonemia either shortly after birth(More)
If left untreated, the common inherited metabolic disorder phenylketonuria (PKU) presents with mental retardation and reduced brain weight. The underlying molecular reasons for these deficits are unknown so far. Using human neuroblastoma cells as a model for normal human neuroblasts, elevated phenylalanine concentrations suppressed proliferation of these(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive mutations in deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) have been identified in the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome. OBJECTIVES To describe the clinical spectrum of DGUOK-related mtDNA depletion syndrome in 6 children and to summarize the literature. RESULTS We identified pathogenic mutations in(More)