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Fanconi-Bickel syndrome (FBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of carbohydrate metabolism recently demonstrated to be caused by mutations in Glut2, the gene for the glucose transporter protein 2 expressed in liver, pancreas, intestine and kidney. The disease was first described in a 3-year-old Swiss boy in 1949. Here we report a follow up of this(More)
We studied nine infant patients with a combination of progressive neurological and hepatic failure. Eight children, including two sibling pairs and four singletons, were affected by Alpers' hepatopathic poliodystrophy. A ninth baby patient suffered of a severe floppy infant syndrome associated with liver failure. Analysis of POLG1, the gene encoding the(More)
At present, long-chain fatty acid oxidation (FAO) defects are diagnosed in a number of countries by newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry. In the majority of cases, affected newborns are asymptomatic at time of diagnosis and acute clinical presentations can be avoided by early preventive measures. Because evidence-based studies on management of(More)
Isovaleric acidemia (IVA) is an inborn error of leucine metabolism that can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Since the implementation, in many states and countries, of newborn screening (NBS) by tandem mass spectrometry, IVA can now be diagnosed presymptomatically. Molecular genetic analysis of the IVD gene for 19 subjects whose condition was(More)
Fanconi-Bickel syndrome (FBS) is a rare autosomal-recessive inborn error of metabolism characterized by hepatorenal glycogen accumulation, Fanconi nephropathy and impaired utilization of glucose and galactose. To date, no underlying enzymatic defect in carbohydrate metabolism has been identified. Therefore, and because of the impairment of both glucose and(More)
One pedigree with four patients has been recently described with mitochondrial DNA depletion and mutation in SUCLA2 gene leading to succinyl-CoA synthase deficiency. Patients had a Leigh-like encephalomyopathy and deafness but besides the presence of lactic acidosis, the profile of urine organic acid was not reported. We have studied 14 patients with mild(More)
We report a total of 23 novel mutations of the SLC2A2 (GLUT2) gene in 49 patients with a clinical diagnosis of Fanconi-Bickel syndrome (FBS). Molecular genetic analysis has now been performed in more than 50% of the 109 FBS cases from 88 families that we have been able to locate world-wide since the original report in 1949. In these 49 patients, 33(More)
Fanconi-Bickel syndrome (FBS, OMIM 227810) is a rare type of glycogen storage disease (GSD). It is caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations within GLUT2, the gene encoding the most important facilitative glucose transporter in hepatocytes, pancreatic beta-cells, enterocytes, and renal tubular cells. To date, 112 patients have been reported in(More)
Mutations in the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (POLG1) have recently been described in patients with diverse clinical presentations, revealing a complex relationship between genotype and phenotype in patients and their families. POLG1 was sequenced in patients from different European diagnostic and(More)
The role of SGLT2 (the gene for a renal sodium-dependent glucose transporter) in renal glucosuria was evaluated. Therefore, its genomic sequence and its intron-exon organization were determined, and 23 families with index cases were analyzed for mutations. In 21 families, 21 different SGLT2 mutations were detected. Most of them were private; only a splice(More)