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We examined the effects of potent neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitors, 3-bromo-7-nitro indazole (3-Br-7-NI) and S-methyl-L-thiocitrulline (S-Me-TC) on general behaviour, vigilance stages and electroencephalographic (EEG) power spectra in rats. In addition, we studied the effect of 7-nitro indazole (7-NI) on EEG power spectra in rats during dark and(More)
The effects of the excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor antagonists MK-801 (non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist), DNQX (competitive non-NMDA receptor antagonist) and 5,7-DCKA (antagonist of glycine site of NMDA receptor) have been examined on the naloxone (4 mg/kg, i.p.)-precipitated withdrawal jumping behaviour in morphine-dependent mice. The results(More)
The immunological response in the brain is crucial to overcome neuropathological events. Some inflammatory mediators, such as the immunoregulatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) affect neuromodulation and may also play protective roles against various noxious conditions. However, the fundamental mechanisms underlying the long-term effects of IL-6 in the(More)
7-Nitro indazole (25-100 mg/kg i.p.), an inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase, attenuated the severity of pilocarpine (300 mg/kg i.p.)-induced seizures in mice. This indicates that the decreased neuroexcitability of the central nervous system (CNS) following administration of 7-nitro indazole may be due to inhibition of neuronal NO synthase,(More)
The effect of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase and L-arginine, a precursor of NO, was examined on the sleep-waking pattern in rats. L-NMMA (3.75-15 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced wakefulness with a corresponding increase of slow wave sleep and rapid eye movement sleep. The effect of L-NMMA on vigilance was limited to the(More)
We examined the effect of 7-nitro indazole (7-NI, 2.5-50 mg/kg, i.p.), an inhibitor of central nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, on general behaviour and sleep. The results show that 7-NI induces ptosis, a loss of the righting reflex and decrease of the EEG amplitudes. Furthermore, a duration of slow wave sleep (SWS) and REM sleep decreased, while the latencies(More)
Aldosterone exerts rapid "nongenomic" effects in various nonrenal tissues. Here, we investigated whether such effects occur in the human heart. Trabeculae and coronary arteries obtained from 57 heart valve donors (25 males; 32 females; 17 to 66 years of age) were mounted in organ baths. Aldosterone decreased contractility in atrial and ventricular(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism with eplerenone reduces mortality in heart failure, possibly because of blockade of the deleterious effects of aldosterone. To investigate these effects, rat Langendorff hearts were exposed to aldosterone and/or eplerenone. Under normal conditions, aldosterone increased left ventricular pressure and decreased coronary(More)
Capsaicin, a pungent constituent from red chilli peppers, activates sensory nerve fibres via transient receptor potential vanilloid receptors type 1 (TRPV1) to release neuropeptides like calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P. Capsaicin-sensitive nerves are widely distributed in human and porcine vasculature. In this study, we examined the(More)