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OBJECTIVES In expert hands, the intrathoracic oesophago-gastric anastamosis usually provides a low rate of strictures and leaks. However, anastomoses can be technically challenging and time consuming when minimally invasive techniques are used. We present our preliminary results of a standardised 25 mm/4.8mm circular-stapled anastomosis using a trans-orally(More)
Osmoregulated expression of proU has been reconstituted in a cell-free system. proU encodes an osmotically inducible, high-affinity transport system for the osmoprotectant glycine betaine in Escherichia coli. Previously, a proU-lacZ fusion gene had been cloned, resulting in plasmid pOS3. In vivo osmoregulation of this extrachromosomal proU-lacZ fusion gene(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables high-resolution non-invasive observation of the anatomy and function of intact organisms. However, previous MRI reporters of key biological processes tied to gene expression have been limited by the inherently low molecular sensitivity of conventional (1)H MRI. This limitation could be overcome through the use of(More)
The accurate detection and localization of clinically relevant biomarkers in vivo is a great challenge for molecular imaging, requiring high sensitivity and molecular specificity. [1] This is particularly true for screening applications, where the ability to image disease progression non-invasively could improve patient outcome. Magnetic resonance imaging(More)
A new type of contrast agent for Xe NMR based on surfactant-stabilized perfluorocarbon-in-water nanoemulsions has been produced. The contrast agent uses dissolved hyperpolarized xenon gas as a nonperturbing reporting medium, as xenon freely exchanges between aqueous solution and the perfluorocarbon interior of the droplets, which are spectroscopically(More)
BACKGROUND The use of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for diagnosis of parotid gland masses (PGM) is questioned, because of low sensitivity and the generalized belief requiring surgery for most parotid masses. Information available is retrospective. Our objective was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB for diagnosis of patients with PGM. (More)
Secretion of acid phosphatase and invertase was examined in an inositol-requiring ino1 mutant of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Inositol starvation is known to block plasma membrane expansion, presumably due to restricted membrane phospholipid synthesis. If membrane expansion and extracellular protein secretion are accomplished by the same(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major insult to postcapillary venules. We hypothesized that IR increases postcapillary venular hydraulic conductivity and that IR-mediated changes in hydraulic conductivity result from temporally and mechanistically separate processes. A microcannulation technique was used to determine hydraulic conductivity (Lp) in rat(More)
BACKGROUND We have used single-contrast (intravenous contrast only) computed tomography (SCCT) for triaging hemodynamically stable patients with penetrating torso trauma. We hypothesized that SCCT safely determines the need for operative exploration. Furthermore, trauma surgeons without specialized training in body imaging can accurately apply this(More)
Phospholipid synthesis activity and plasma membrane growth have been studied in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae temperature-sensitive, secretion-defective mutants isolated by Novick and Schekman (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76:1858-1862, 1979; Novick et al., Cell 21:205-215, 1980). The mutants, sec1 through sec23, do not grow at 37 degrees C and exhibit(More)