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Ca(2+) is an essential ion in all organisms, where it plays a crucial role in processes ranging from the formation and maintenance of the skeleton to the temporal and spatial regulation of neuronal function. The Ca(2+) balance is maintained by the concerted action of three organ systems, including the gastrointestinal tract, bone, and kidney. An adult(More)
Mg2+ is an essential ion involved in a multitude of physiological and biochemical processes and a major constituent of bone tissue. Mg2+ homeostasis in mammals depends on the equilibrium between intestinal Mg2+ absorption and renal Mg2+ excretion, but little is known about the molecular nature of the proteins involved in the transepithelial transport of(More)
The molecular assembly of the epithelial Ca(2+) channels (TRPV5 and TRPV6) was investigated to determine the subunit stoichiometry and composition. Immunoblot analysis of Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing TRPV5 and TRPV6 revealed two specific bands of 75 and 85-100 kDa, corresponding to the core and glycosylated proteins, respectively, for each channel.(More)
The organization of Na(+) and Ca(2+) transport pathways along the mouse distal nephron is incompletely known. We revealed by immunohistochemistry a set of Ca(2+) and Na(+) transport proteins along the mouse distal convolution. The thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) characterized the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). The amiloride-sensitive(More)
1. The epithelial Ca(2+) channel (ECaC) family represents a unique group of Ca(2+)-selective channels that share limited homology to the ligand-gated capsaicin receptors, the osmolarity-sensitive channel OTRPC4, as well as the transient receptor potential family. Southern blot analysis demonstrated that this family is restricted to two members, ECaC1 and(More)
Blood calcium concentration is maintained within a narrow range despite large variations in dietary input and body demand. The Transient Receptor Potential ion channel TRPV5 has been implicated in this process. We report here that TRPV5 is stimulated by the mammalian hormone klotho. Klotho, a beta-glucuronidase, hydrolyzes extracellular sugar residues on(More)
The TRP superfamily includes a diversity of non-voltage-gated cation channels that vary significantly in their se-lectivity and mode of activation. Nevertheless, members of the TRP superfamily share significant sequence ho-mology and predicted structural similarities. Currently, most of the genes and proteins that comprise the TRP superfamily have multiple(More)
Many physiological functions rely on the exact maintenance of body Ca2+ balance. Therefore, the extracellular Ca2+ concentration is tightly regulated by the concerted actions of intestinal Ca2+ absorption, exchange of Ca2+ to and from bone, and renal Ca2+ reabsorption. Renal distal convoluted and connecting tubular cells as well as duodenal epithelial cells(More)
The recently cloned epithelial Ca(2+) channel (ECaC) constitutes the Ca(2+) influx pathway in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-responsive epithelia. We have combined patch-clamp analysis and fura-2 fluorescence microscopy to functionally characterize ECaC heterologously expressed in HEK293 cells. The intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in ECaC-expressing cells was(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of rickets is one of the oldest and most effective prophylactic measures in medicine, having virtually eradicated rickets in North America. Given the potentially toxic effects of vitamin D, the recommendations for the optimal dose are still debated, in part owing to the increased incidence of(More)