René Jørgensen

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An 11.7-A-resolution cryo-EM map of the yeast 80S.eEF2 complex in the presence of the antibiotic sordarin was interpreted in molecular terms, revealing large conformational changes within eEF2 and the 80S ribosome, including a rearrangement of the functionally important ribosomal intersubunit bridges. Sordarin positions domain III of eEF2 so that it can(More)
The ADP-ribosyltransferases are a class of enzymes that display activity in a variety of bacterial pathogens responsible for causing diseases in plants and animals, including those affecting mankind, such as diphtheria, cholera, and whooping cough. We report the characterization of a novel toxin from Vibrio cholerae, which we call cholix toxin. The toxin is(More)
Two crystal structures of yeast translation elongation factor 2 (eEF2) were determined: the apo form at 2.9 A resolution and eEF2 in the presence of the translocation inhibitor sordarin at 2.1 A resolution. The overall conformation of apo eEF2 is similar to that of its prokaryotic homolog elongation factor G (EF-G) in complex with GDP. Upon sordarin(More)
Diphtheria toxin and exotoxin A are well-characterized members of the ADP-ribosyltransferase toxin family that function as virulence factors in the pathogenic bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Recent high-resolution structural data of the Michaelis (enzyme-substrate) complex of the P. aeruginosa toxin with an NAD(+) analog and(More)
The bacteria causing diphtheria, whooping cough, cholera and other diseases secrete mono-ADP-ribosylating toxins that modify intracellular proteins. Here, we describe four structures of a catalytically active complex between a fragment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (ETA) and its protein substrate, translation elongation factor 2 (eEF2). The target(More)
eEF2 (eukaryotic elongation factor 2) occupies an essential role in protein synthesis where it catalyses the translocation of the two tRNAs and the mRNA after peptidyl transfer on the 80 S ribosome. Recent crystal structures of eEF2 and the cryo-electron microscopy reconstruction of its 80 S complex now provide a substantial structural framework for(More)
The mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase toxins are bacterial virulence factors that contribute to many disease states in plants, animals, and humans. These toxins function as enzymes that target various host proteins and covalently attach an ADP-ribose moiety that alters target protein function. We tested compounds from a virtual screen of commercially available(More)
The mono-ADPRT (mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase), Pseudomonas aeruginosa ETA (exotoxin A), catalyses the transfer of ADP-ribose from NAD+ to its protein substrate. A series of water-soluble compounds that structurally mimic the nicotinamide moiety of NAD+ was investigated for their inhibition of the catalytic domain of ETA. The importance of an amide locked(More)
Crystals of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae elongation factor 2 (eEF2) in complex with GDP were obtained with the vapour-diffusion technique after rapid purification from industrial yeast. The crystals diffract to 2.85 A and belong to the space group P2(1)2(1)2(1). A yeast strain expressing a functional histidine-tagged eEF2 as the only form of the protein(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to characterize the underlying molecular mechanisms in consecutive clinical Candida albicans isolates from a single patient displaying stepwise-acquired multidrug resistance. METHODS Nine clinical isolates (P-1 to P-9) were susceptibility tested by EUCAST EDef 7.2 and Etest. P-4, P-5, P-7, P-8 and P-9 were(More)