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Some antagonists exhibit tissue selectivity in their pharmacological antagonism of muscarinic responses. However, the affinity constants for equilibrium binding of classical antagonists to muscarinic receptors in subcellular preparations have shown only small variations in different peripheral tissues and regions of the brain. The binding curves do not(More)
Inhaled antimuscarinics, often called anticholinergics in clinical medicine, are established as first line bronchodilators in COPD. Tiotropium has been developed as a new generation antimuscarinic following ipratropium. Tiotropium is a specific, highly potent antimuscarinic, demonstrating very slow dissociation from muscarinic receptors. Dissociation from(More)
Using the classical muscarinic antagonist 3H-N-methyl-scopolamine as radioligand and unlabelled pirenzepine (PZ) as displacing agent, a heterogeneous muscarinic receptor population consisting of about 70% M1-receptors and 30% M2-receptor, can be demonstrated in crude membranes of calf sympathetic ganglia. In the same preparation only low and variable(More)
The use of anticholinergics in antiobstructive therapy is well established in pulmonary medicine. We sought to improve the duration of action of inhaled antimuscarinics. A newly developed compound, Ba 679 BR (abbreviated Ba 679) proved to be a highly potent muscarinic antagonist in guinea pig tracheal rings. Its binding to human receptors (Hm1, Hm2, Hm3)(More)
Body composition and somatotype were determined in Junior Olympic competitors to evaluate the structural characteristics concomitant to high proficiency in various athletic activities. Underwater weighings and anthropometric determinations of somatotype were performed on 145 male and 133 female adolescent participants in national meet competition in the(More)
The heterogeneity of muscarine receptors was examined in two brain regions (cerebral cortex and cerebellum) and in some parasympathetically innervated peripheral tissues (heart, salivary gland and intraorbital lacrimal gland), by in vitro binding techniques. As a tool, we used a new antimuscarinic compound, AF-DX 116 (see text for structural formula and(More)
Heterogeneity in the muscarinic receptor population of guinea pig ileum longitudinal smooth muscle was found in competition binding experiments against N-methyl[3H]scopolamine using either a cardioselective (AF-DX 116) or a smooth muscle-selective (hexahydrosiladifenidol) antimuscarinic compound. AF-DX 116 recognized 65% of the total receptors with high(More)
A pharmacological classification of receptor-activated nonselective cation channels has not been possible because of the lack of specific and potent pharmacological blockers. In dibutyryl-cAMP-differentiated HL-60 cells, we recently identified ATP- and N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP)-stimulated cation currents that were blocked by an(More)