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The formation of patterns of peaks on the free surface of a magnetic fluid subject to a magnetic field normal to the undisturbed interface is investigated theoretically. The relative stability of ridge, square, and hexagon planforms is studied using a perturbative energy minimization procedure. Extending previous studies the finite depth of the fluid layer(More)
The pattern formation on the free surface of a magnetic fluid subjected simultaneously to a vertical and a horizontal magnetic field is investigated theoretically. In this anisotropic system planforms less symmetric then squares and hexagons arise. The relative stability of parallel ridges and asymmetric patterns, periodic on a rectangular or a rhombic(More)
Pattern formation on the free surface of a magnetic fluid subjected to a magnetic field is investigated experimentally. By tilting the magnetic field, the symmetry can be broken in a controllable manner. When increasing the amplitude of the tilted field, the flat surface gives way to liquid ridges. A further increase results in a hysteretic transition to a(More)
The evidential significance of car seat fibres has been investigated. Thirty six samples of car seat fabric were examined and the fibres catalogued according to their morphology and characteristics. The majority of car seat fibres were black or grey thick polyester fibres that were either dyed or pigmented. The MSP spectra produced were unlike those usually(More)
– We derive a closed equation for the shape of the free surface of a magnetic fluid subject to an external magnetic field. The equation is strongly non-local due to the long range character of the magnetic interaction. We develop a systematic multiple scale perturbation expansion in which the non-locality is reduced to the occurrence of the Hilbert(More)
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