René E. Jonkers

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Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) secrete type 2 cytokines, which protect against parasites but can also contribute to a variety of inflammatory airway diseases. We report here that interleukin 1β (IL-1β) directly activated human ILC2s and that IL-12 induced the conversion of these activated ILC2s into interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-producing ILC1s, which was(More)
The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB) and the Dutch Association of Chest Physicians (NVALT) convened a joint committee to develop evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The guidelines are intended for adult patients with CAP who present at the hospital and are treated as outpatients as(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a potent inducer of interferon-gamma production by T cells and is a major factor for the development of T-helper 1 (Th1) cells. It exerts its biological effects through binding to the IL-12 receptor (IL-12R), a heterodimer composed of a 1 and a beta2 subunits. The signaling beta2 chain is expressed on Th1 cells and to a lesser(More)
The lungs are frequently challenged by viruses, and resident CD8(+) T cells likely contribute to the surveillance of these pathogens. To obtain insight into local T cell immunity to respiratory viruses in humans, we determined the specificity, phenotype, and function of lung-residing CD8(+) T cells and peripheral blood CD8(+) T cells in a paired analysis.(More)
The human β2-adrenoceptor (β2-AR) is subject to agonist-induced down-regulation. The degree of down-regulation is associated with certain single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) through yet unknown mechanisms. The 5′-leader sequence of the β 2 -AR gene contains several SNPs that are in strong linkage disequilibrium. The −367 T/C polymorphism, in particular,(More)
A follow-up study of 122 survivors of an outbreak of legionnaires disease (LD) in The Netherlands was conducted to determine persistence of symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQL), and presence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Seventeen months after diagnosis of LD, survivors completed a questionnaire assessing symptoms and HRQL and a(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause that affects the lungs in over 90% of cases. Breath analysis by electronic nose technology provides exhaled molecular profiles that have potential in the diagnosis of several respiratory diseases. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that exhaled molecular profiling may distinguish(More)
CD161(++)IL-18Rα(+)CD8(+) human T cells have recently been identified as a new subset of memory cells but their exact role remains unclear. CD161(++)IL-18Rα(+)CD8(+), mucosal-associated invariant T cells express a semi-invariant TCR Vα7.2-Jα33, which recognizes the MHC-related protein 1. On the basis of properties including the expression of the ABC-B1(More)
The Dutch Working Party on Antibiotic Policy (SWAB) develops evidence-based guidelines, aimed at optimalisation of antibiotic use and limitation of the spread of antimicrobial resistance. A revision of the SWAB guideline for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), published in 1998, was considered necessary because of changes in resistance(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of macrophages in multiple organs is a common feature of sarcoidosis and Gaucher disease. The vast number of storage macrophages in Gaucher patients has facilitated the discovery of suitable plasma markers like chitotriosidase and CCL18. METHODS Plasma specimens of patients with sarcoidosis were examined on chitotriosidase activity(More)