René Cardinal

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We have previously shown that oxytocin receptors are present in the heart and that perfusion of isolated rat hearts with oxytocin results in decreased cardiac flow rate and bradycardia. The mechanisms involved in the negative inotropic and chronotropic effects of oxytocin were investigated in isolated dog right atria in the absence of central mechanisms.(More)
BACKGROUND Several cases of QT prolongation and ventricular tachyarrhythmia have been reported with domperidone, a gastrokinetic and antiemetic agent available worldwide but still under investigation in the United States. Although electrolyte disturbances such as hypokalemia could account for some of these events, we hypothesized that domperidone may have(More)
INTRODUCTION Postinfarction monomorphic ventricular tachycardias induced by programmed stimulation may display initial cycle length (CL) variations before stabilizing. METHODS AND RESULTS To show that tachycardia onset dynamics depend on rate-dependent electrical properties of the reentrant substrate, we extracted activation times and maximum negative(More)
The effect of temperature on the isometric tetanic myogram was studied in isolated canine tracheal smooth muscle (TSM). At 37 degrees C and 27 degrees C no significant change occurred in maximum tetanic tension (PO). At 17 degrees C a significant reduction was seen Values of Q10 for contraction time (tPO) were almost halved, whereas those for rate of(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that early-stage heart failure differentially affects the intrinsic cardiac nervous system's capacity to regulate cardiac function. After 2 wk of rapid ventricular pacing in nine anesthetized canines, cardiac and right atrial neuronal function were evaluated in situ in response to enhanced cardiac sensory(More)
The relation between electrical alternans recorded in acutely ischaemic myocardium, ventricular arrhythmias, and changes in the activation sequence was studied. Sixty three unipolar electrograms, simultaneously recorded from the epicardial surface of the in situ porcine heart during 6 min periods of coronary occlusion, were converted to a digital format and(More)
UNLABELLED Autonomic nerves and intrinsic cardiac neural elements are known to influence the electrophysiologic and dynamic properties of the heart. This study describes the regional distribution in the canine atria of electrophysiologic effects induced by stimulation of the right and left cervical vagosympathetic complexes, the right atrial ganglionated(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine whether cycle length (CL) variations at the onset of monomorphic ventricular tachycardias follow distinctive patterns. METHODS AND RESULTS We retrospectively analyzed 59 monomorphic ventricular tachycardias induced in 40 patients in whom intraoperative mapping was performed with 63 epicardial and 64(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) applied to the dorsal aspect of the cranial thoracic cord imparts cardioprotection under conditions of neuronally dependent cardiac stress. This study investigated whether neuronally induced atrial arrhythmias can be modulated by SCS. In 16 anesthetized dogs with intact stellate ganglia and in five with bilateral stellectomy,(More)