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The scaling of respiratory metabolism with body mass is one of the most pervasive phenomena in biology. Using a single allometric equation to characterize empirical scaling relationships and to evaluate alternative hypotheses about mechanisms has been controversial. We developed a method to directly measure respiration of 271 whole plants, spanning nine(More)
Allometric relationships for estimating the phytomass of aboveground organs (stem, branches, leaves and their sum) and the leaf area in the mangrove Kandelia candel (L.) Druce were investigated. The variable D0.12H (D0.1 stem diameter at a height of H/10, H tree height) showed better accuracy of estimation than D2 (D, DBH) or D2H. A moderate relationship(More)
Attempts were made to quantify the carbon and nitrogen pools in a monospecific and pioneer mangrove stand of Kandelia obovata Sheue, Liu & Yong, Okinawa Island, Japan. The leaf C and N concentrations on a leaf area basis decreased with increasing PPFD (Photosysthetic Photon Flux Density). The total C and N stocks in foliage were estimated as 3.55 Mg ha–1(More)
The self-thinning process was monitored in crowded Kandelia obovata Sheue, Liu & Yong stands over four years. The frequency distribution of tree phytomass was an L-shape, which was kept over the experimental period. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient for phytomass decreased as the time span of the comparison became longer, a result which indicates that(More)
The canopy structure and interception of photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) in a 10-year-old Kandelia candel (L.) Druce stand were investigated before and after artificial defoliation. Leaf and wood areas for different layers were measured through area-weight relationships of subsamples. PPFD was measured at specified heights before and after leaf(More)
Tree height (H) of Kandelia obovata trees decreased sharply from 5 m at the forest interior behind the terrestrial forest to 1.5 m at the forest edge near the river bank according to an increase in the yearly waterlogged period along a belt transect. The decreasing tree stature was attributed to a decrease in the asymptote of H in the D 0.1 (stem diameter(More)
Biomass and aboveground net primary production (ANPP) in a monospecific pioneer stand of a mangrove Kandelia obovata (S., L.) Yong were quantified. The estimated biomasses in leaves, branches, stems, roots, aboveground and total were 5.61 (3.68%), 28.8 (18.9%), 46.1 (30.2%), 71.8 (47.2%), 80.5 (52.8%) and 152 Mg ha−1 (100%), respectively. Stem phytomass(More)
Gross photosynthesis and respiration rates of leaves at different canopy heights in a Rhizophora stylosa Griff. stand were measured monthly over 1 year at Manko Wetland, Okinawa Island, Japan, which is the northern limit of its distribution. The light-saturated net photosynthesis rate for the leaves at the top of the canopy showed a maximum value of 17 μmol(More)
The light-penetration pattern for a mangrove Kandelia obovata canopy was analyzed considering the vertical changes in the light-extinction coefficients for leaves and woody organs. Furthermore, canopy photosynthesis and foliage respiration were estimated on the basis of the constructed light-penetration models. The canopy structure and light-penetration(More)
We examined variations in stand structure and tree growth of a mangrove forest along two gradients: from the river mouth to upper stream and from the riverside to inland, along the Nakara River, Iriomote Island, Japan. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lamk. occurred throughout the intertidal area, though Rhizophora stylosa Griff. and Kandelia candel (L) Druce did(More)