Remigijus Lape

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Partial agonists are ligands that bind to receptors but produce only a small maximum response even at concentrations where all receptors are occupied. In the case of ligand-activated ion channels, it has been supposed since 1957 that partial agonists evoke a small response because they are inefficient at eliciting the change of conformation between shut and(More)
The α2 glycine receptor (GlyR) subunit, abundant in embryonic neurons, is replaced by α1 in the adult nervous system. The single-channel activity of homomeric α2 channels differs from that of α1-containing GlyRs, as even at the lowest glycine concentration (20 µM), openings occurred in long (>300-ms) groups with high open probability (P(open); 0.96;(More)
What does “allosteric” mean? In the context of receptors, the word allosteric is now widely used. It is, perhaps, not helpful for clarity of thought that different authors often use it to mean somewhat different things (Colquhoun, 1998). At one extreme, the term “allosteric antagonist” can often be translated as “we have got an antagonist and we are not(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in human glycine receptors cause hyperekplexia, a rare inherited disease associated with an exaggerated startle response. We have studied a human disease mutation in the M2-M3 loop of the glycine receptor α1 subunit (K276E) using direct fitting of mechanisms to single-channel recordings with the program HJCFIT. Whole-cell(More)
The change of the pH of a NaCl solution (139-149 mM NaCl) buffered with 5-15 mM sodium phosphates (pH 7.4) during electromanipulation was studied. It has been determined that an increase in the pH value of electroporation solution of a whole chamber volume, caused by the application of electric field pulses, commonly used in cell electromanipulation(More)
Prokaryotic channels, such as Erwinia chrysanthemi ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC) and Gloeobacter violaceus ligand-gated ion channel, give key structural information for the pentameric ligand-gated ion channel family, which includes nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. ELIC, a cationic channel from E. chrysanthemi, is particularly suitable for single-channel(More)
Glycine receptors mediate fast synaptic inhibition in spinal cord and brainstem. Two α subunits are present in adult neurones, α1, which forms most of the synaptic glycine receptors, and α3. The physiological role of α3 is not known, despite the fact that α3 expression is concentrated in areas involved in nociceptive processing, such as the superficial(More)
The human glycine receptor (hGlyR) is an anion-permeable ligand-gated channel that is part of a larger superfamily of receptors called the Cys-loop family. hGlyRs are particularly amenable to single-channel recordings, thus making them a model experimental system for understanding the Cys-loop receptor family in general. Understanding the relationship(More)
Glycine receptors (GlyR) belong to the pentameric ligand-gated ion channel (pLGIC) superfamily and mediate fast inhibitory transmission in the vertebrate CNS. Disruption of glycinergic transmission by inherited mutations produces startle disease in man. Many startle mutations are in GlyRs and provide useful clues to the function of the channel domains.(More)
Choline has been used widely as an agonist for the investigation of gain-of-function mutants of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. It is useful because it behaves like a partial agonist. The efficacy of choline is difficult to measure because choline blocks the channel at concentrations about four times lower than those that activate it. We have fitted(More)