Remedios Ramírez

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Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by the accumulation of fibroblasts/myofibroblasts and aberrant remodeling of the lung parenchyma. However, the sources of fibroblasts in IPF lungs are unclear. Fibrocytes are circulating progenitors of fibroblasts implicated in wound healing and fibrosis. In this study we evaluated evidence for the presence of(More)
Fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix accumulation characterize idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We evaluated the presence of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, -2, -3, and -4; collagenase-1, -2, and -3; gelatinases A and B; and membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) in 12 IPF and 6 control lungs. TIMP-1 was found in(More)
Generation of high levels of nitric oxide (NO) following induction of NOS2 by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) triggers beta cell apoptosis in insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. Mitochondrial and nuclear events such as downregulation of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2, activation of the pore responsible for the permeability transition (PT) and DNA fragmentation(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal lung disease characterized by the expansion of the fibroblast/myofibroblast population and aberrant remodeling. However, the origin of mesenchymal cells in this disorder is still under debate. Recent evidence indicates that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced primarily by TGF-beta1(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal disease of unknown etiology and uncertain pathogenic mechanisms. Recent studies indicate that the pathogenesis of the disease may involve the abnormal expression of certain developmental pathways. Here we evaluated the expression of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), Patched-1, Smoothened, and transcription(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating lung disorder of unknown etiology. Although its pathogenesis is unclear, considerable evidence supports an important role of aberrantly activated alveolar epithelial cells (AECs), which produce a large variety of mediators, including several matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), which participate in fibroblast(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal lung disorder of unknown etiology. IPF is likely the result of complex interrelationships between environmental and host factors, although the genetic risk factors are presently uncertain. Because we have found that some MHC polymorphisms confer susceptibility to IPF, in the present study we(More)
RATIONALE Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) exhibits a diverse outcome. Patients with acute/subacute HP usually improve, whereas patients with chronic disease often progress to fibrosis. However, the mechanisms underlying this difference are unknown. OBJECTIVES To examine the T-cell profile from patients with subacute HP and chronic HP. METHODS T cells(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, and usually lethal disease associated with aging. However, the molecular mechanisms of the aging process that contribute to the pathogenesis of IPF have not been elucidated. IPF is characterized by abundant foci of highly active fibroblasts and myofibroblasts resistant to apoptosis. Remarkably,(More)
RATIONALE Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) represents a lung inflammation provoked by exposure to a variety of antigens. Chronic HP may evolve to lung fibrosis. Bone marrow-derived fibrocytes migrate to injured tissues and contribute to fibrogenesis, but their role in HP is unknown. OBJECTIVES To assess the possible participation of fibrocytes in chronic(More)