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Currently, unbiased protein identification is mostly performed by directly coupling reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) via electrospray ionization to a mass spectrometer. In contrast to the innovations in mass spectrometric instrumentation, cutting-edge technology in RPLC has generally not been well adopted. Here, we describe the effects of(More)
Myxobacteria are potent producers of secondary metabolites exhibiting diverse biological activities and pharmacological potential. The proteome of Myxococcus xanthus DK1622 was characterized by two-dimensional chromatographic separation of tryptic peptides from a lysate followed by tandem mass spectrometric identification. The high degree of orthogonality(More)
The majority of proteome-wide studies rely on the high separation power of two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS), often combined with protein prefractionation. Alternative approaches would be advantageous in order to reduce the analysis time and the amount of sample required. On the basis of the recent advances in(More)
Monolithic columns based on poly-(styrene-divinylbenzene) (PS-DVB) were utilized both for preconcentration (in 10 mm x 0.20 mm I.D. format) and analytical separation (in 60 mm x 0.20 and 0.10 mm I.D. format) of peptides and proteins in column switching micro-scale high-performance liquid chromatography. A special holder for short monolithic preconcentration(More)
We report on the optimization of nano-LC gradient separations of proteomic samples that vary in complexity. The gradient performance limits were visualized by kinetic plots depicting the gradient time needed to achieve a certain peak capacity, while using the maximum system pressure of 80 MPa. The selection of the optimal particle size/column length(More)
Due to their large diversity with respect to post-translational modifications (PTMs), the family of histones provides a major analytical challenge in current proteomics research. Their function has a large impact on the transcription of DNA, and as a result, on the expression of proteins. The variation in PTMs regulates transcription, and, as a result, many(More)
In this study, high-efficiency LC-MS/MS separations of complex proteolytic digests are demonstrated using 50 mm, 250 mm, and 1m long poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) monolithic capillary columns. The chromatographic performance of the 50 and 250 mm monoliths was compared at the same gradient steepness for gradient durations between 5 and 150 min. The maximum(More)
In terms of resolution, mass accuracy, and sensitivity, the Orbitrap represents one of the most potent mass analyzers available today. We here elucidate the potential of interfacing Orbitrap-MS to ion-pair RP HPLC for intact protein analysis. Using gradients of ACN and monolithic columns of 1.0 and 0.10 mm id, peak capacities between 120 and 130 were(More)
Bioactive peptides and tryptic digests of various proteins were separated under acidic and alkaline conditions by ion-pair-reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPIPC) in 200 microm I.D. monolithic, poly(styrene-divinylbenzene)-based capillary columns using gradients of acetonitrile in 0.050% aqueous trifluoroacetic acid, pH 2.1, or 1.0%(More)
Genome‐wide transcriptome analyses have given systems‐level insights into gene regulatory networks. Due to the limited depth of quantitative proteomics, however, our understanding of post‐transcriptional gene regulation and its effects on protein‐complex stoichiometry are lagging behind. Here, we employ deep sequencing and the isobaric tag for relative and(More)