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Diverse parameters, including chaotropicity, can limit the function of cellular systems and thereby determine the extent of Earth's biosphere. Whereas parameters such as temperature, hydrophobicity, pressure, pH, Hofmeister effects, and water activity can be quantified via standard scales of measurement, the chao-/kosmotropic activities of environmentally(More)
Fermentation products can chaotropically disorder macromolecular systems and induce oxidative stress, thus inhibiting biofuel production. Recently, the chaotropic activities of ethanol, butanol and vanillin have been quantified (5.93, 37.4, 174kJ kg(-1)m(-1) respectively). Use of low temperatures and/or stabilizing (kosmotropic) substances, and other(More)
Poly (γ-glutamic acid) (PGA) is water-soluble, anionic, biodegradable, and edible biopolymer produced by Bacillus subtilis. It has multifarious potential applications in foods, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, water treatment and other fields. The production of PGA has already been established on the industrial scale. Various studies regarding the fermentative(More)
Glucose oxidase (beta-D-glucose:oxygen 1-oxidoreductase; EC catalyzes the oxidation of beta-D-glucose to gluconic acid, by utilizing molecular oxygen as an electron acceptor with simultaneous production of hydrogen peroxide. Microbial glucose oxidase is currently receiving much attention due to its wide applications in chemical, pharmaceutical,(More)
Archaea and Bacteria constitute a majority of life systems on Earth but have long been considered inferior to Eukarya in terms of solute tolerance. Whereas the most halophilic prokaryotes are known for an ability to multiply at saturated NaCl (water activity (a(w)) 0.755) some xerophilic fungi can germinate, usually at high-sugar concentrations, at values(More)
The present work reports the nutritional requirements and environmental conditions for submerged culture of Streptomyces clavuligerus for clavulanic acid production using orthogonal matrix method (Taguchi L(16) design) and also fed-batch fermentation for clavulanic acid production by feeding glycerol, arginine and threonoine to the fermentation medium(More)
A face centered central composite design was employed to investigate the interactive effects of four variables, viz. concentrations of sucrose, yeast extract, sodium chloride, and glutamine, identified earlier by one-factor-at-a-time approach, on glutaminase production by Zygosaccharomyces rouxii. A significant influence of yeast extract on glutaminase(More)
This work investigates the potential of metabolic stimulators, firstly to enhance the production of beta-carotene, and later use of inhibitors of lycopene cyclase so as to accumulate lycopene in the fermentation medium. Various non-ionic surfactants, natural oils, stimulators such as amino-acids, tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) intermediates, vitamin A and(More)
Submerged fermentation was carried out for the production of scleroglucan by Sclerotium rolfsii MTCC 2156 using complex media, such as coconut water, sugarcane molasses and sugarcane juice at 28+/-2 degrees C and 180 rpm for 72 h. Sugarcane juice gave maximum scleroglucan production of 23.87 g/l as compared to 12.58 and 18.45 g/l with coconut water and(More)