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The physico-chemical properties of biodegradable polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) microspheres containing the peptide salmon calcitonin (sCT) were affected by the processing parameters. The microsphere size increased with an increase in the viscosity of the polymer solution. Concentration of methanol and peptide in the dispersed phase had the most(More)
Brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs) are persistent environmental contaminants found in human blood, tissues, and milk. To assess the impact of the commercial BDE mixture DE-71 on the developing immune system in relation to hepatic and thyroid changes, adult (F0) rats were exposed to DE-71 by gavage at doses of 0, 0.5, 5, or 25 mg/kg body weight (bw)/d for 21(More)
Cancer chemoprevention is a strategy taken to retard, regress, or resist the multistep process of carcinogenesis, including the blockage of its vital morphogenetic milestones viz. normal-preneoplasia-neoplasia-metastasis. For several reasons, including safety, minimal (or no) toxicity and side-effects, and better availability, alternatives such as naturally(More)
The aim of this work is to review current knowledge relating the established cancer hallmark, sustained cell proliferation to the existence of chemicals present as low dose mixtures in the environment. Normal cell proliferation is under tight control, i.e. cells respond to a signal to proliferate, and although most cells continue to proliferate into adult(More)
It is known that certain dietary fats can modulate rat testosterone metabolism. In the current study we have investigated testicular steroidogenic enzyme activities and serum testosterone levels in rats fed diets containing either different protein sources (casein, fishmeal, whey) or different lipid sources (soybean oil, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), seal(More)
PURPOSE The interaction of salmon calcitonin (sCT) and poly (d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) was detected during preparation and evaluation of microspheres. The purpose of this study was to quantitate the extent and nature of the interaction. METHODS Blank microspheres were prepared by an aqueous emulsification solvent extraction technique. Adsorption studies(More)
Fish consumption is the most important source of human exposure to methylmercury (MeHg). Since fish is also a rich source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, this study was conducted to examine the effects of dietary fats on MeHg-induced acute toxicity in rats. Weanling male Sprague Dawley rats were administered semi-purified casein-based isocaloric diet(More)
Engineered metal/mineral, lipid and biochemical macromolecule nanomaterials (NMs) have potential applications in food. Methodologies for the assessment of NM digestion and bioavailability in the gastrointestinal tract are nascent and require refinement. A working group was tasked by the International Life Sciences Institute NanoRelease Food Additive project(More)
To understand the relationship between the role of soy isoflavones and estrogen receptor (ER)-β in colon tumorigenesis, we investigated the cellular effects of soy isoflavones (composed of genistein, daidzein, and glycitein) in DLD-1 human colon adenocarcinoma cells with or without ER-β gene silencing by RNA interference (RNAi). Soy isoflavones decreased(More)
We examined the effects of dietary fats on methylmercury (MeHg)-induced systemic oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage in liver and kidney of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were treated with a casein-based purified isocaloric diet containing 15% by weight soy oil, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), seal oil, fish oil, or lard for 28 days, and then gavaged with(More)