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p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38α) is activated by a variety of mechanisms, including autophosphorylation initiated by TGFβ-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1) during myocardial ischemia and other stresses. Chemical-genetic approaches and coexpression in mammalian, bacterial and cell-free systems revealed that mouse p38α(More)
The ischemic activation of p38alpha mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38alpha-MAPK) is thought to contribute to myocardial injury. Under other circumstances, activation is through dual phosphorylation by MAPK kinase 3 (MKK3). Therefore, the mkk3-/- murine heart should be protected during ischemia. In retrogradely perfused mkk3-/- and mkk3+/+ mouse hearts(More)
Genetically manipulated mouse lines are invaluable to investigate the effects of a single gene on sensitivity to ischemia. When choosing appropriate controls, we were concerned that intrinsic, strain-independent but colony-dependent differences may influence the susceptibility to ischemia. We, therefore, compared the infarct:risk volume ratio (I:R%) after(More)
Many Golgi membrane-bound glycosyltransferases are released from cells in a soluble form. To characterize this release process, we stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells with three myc epitope-tagged forms of cloned beta1, 4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAcT); two of these forms resided in the Golgi, while the third was retained in the ER.(More)
The p38-MAPK pathway plays an important role in myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury and has been implicated in the regulation of cardiac gene expression, myocyte hypertrophy, inflammation, energetic metabolism, contractility, proliferation and apoptosis. The activation of p38-MAPK by dual phosphorylation during myocardial ischaemia aggravates lethal(More)
OBJECTIVE The basal activity of p38 MAPK has recently been shown to impair myocardial contractility. This kinase is activated by ischemia and short-term hibernation. We hypothesized that p38 MAPK activation may contribute to the contractile deficit that characterizes low-flow ischemia. METHODS In Langendorff-perfused isolated C57BL/6 mouse hearts,(More)
The use of nonselective pharmacological inhibitors has resulted in controversy regarding the mechanism and consequences of p38 activation during myocardial infarction. Classic p38 inhibitors such as SB203580 rely on a critical "gatekeeper" threonine residue for binding. We addressed these controversies by using mice in which the p38alpha alleles were(More)
Many Golgi membrane-bound glycosyltransferases exist as intermolecular disulfide bonded species, some of which have been demonstrated to be homodimers. Evidence for homodimer formation has come primarily from radiation inactivation experiments. We utilized an alternative strategy to test for homodimer formation of the cloned beta 1,4(More)
The kinase p38α MAPK (p38α) plays a pivotal role in many biological processes. p38α is activated by canonical upstream kinases that phosphorylate the activation region. The purpose of our study was to determine whether such activation may depend on redox-sensing cysteines within p38α. p38α was activated and formed a disulfide-bound heterodimer with MAP2K3(More)
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