Reka P. Toth

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Circadian clocks are believed to confer an advantage to plants, but the nature of that advantage has been unknown. We show that a substantial photosynthetic advantage is conferred by correct matching of the circadian clock period with that of the external light-dark cycle. In wild type and in long- and short-circadian period mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana,(More)
Many physiological and biochemical processes in plants exhibit endogenous rhythms with a period of about 24 h. Endogenous oscillators called circadian clocks regulate these rhythms. The circadian clocks are synchronized to the periodic environmental changes (e.g. day/night cycles) by specific stimuli; among these, the most important is the light.(More)
Phytochromes (phy) are a family of photoreceptors that control various aspects of light-dependent plant development. Phytochrome A (phyA) is responsible for the very low fluence response (VLFR) under inductive light conditions and for the high irradiance response (HIR) under continuous far-red light. We have recently shown that nuclear import of rice(More)
The phytochrome family of red/far-red (R/FR)-responsive photoreceptors plays a key role throughout the life cycle of plants . Arabidopsis has five phytochromes, phyA-phyE, among which phyA and phyB play the most predominant functions . Light-regulated nuclear accumulation of the phytochromes is an important regulatory step of this pathway, but to this date(More)
It is thought that changes in gene expression in the brain mediate chronic ethanol-induced complex behaviors such as tolerance, dependence, and sensitization, and also relate to ethanol-induced brain toxicity. Using high-density filter-based cDNA microarrays (GeneFilters), we analyzed the expression of over 5000 genes in the dorsal hippocampus of rats(More)
Phytoplasmas are insect-transmitted bacterial plant pathogens that cause considerable damage to a diverse range of agricultural crops globally. Symptoms induced in infected plants suggest that these phytopathogens may modulate developmental processes within the plant host. We report herein that Aster Yellows phytoplasma strain Witches' Broom (AY-WB) readily(More)
Retinoic acids are morphogenic signaling molecules that are derived from vitamin A and involved in a variety of tissue functions. Two groups of their nuclear receptors have been identified: retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoic acid X receptors (RXRs). All-trans retinoic acid is the high affinity ligand for RARs, and 9-cis retinoic acid also binds to(More)
The phytochrome photoreceptors and the circadian clock control many of the same developmental processes, in all organs and throughout the growth of Arabidopsis plants. Phytochrome A (phyA) provides light input signals to entrain the circadian clock. The clock is known to rhythmically regulate its light input pathway, so we tested rhythmic regulation of(More)
BACKGROUND At the core of the eukaryotic circadian network, clock genes/proteins form multiple transcriptional/translational negative-feedback loops and generate a basic approximately 24 hr oscillation, which provides daily regulation for a wide range of processes. This temporal organization enhances the fitness of the organism only if it corresponds to the(More)
A significant increase in the expression and activity of tissue transglutaminase (tTG), one of the effector elements of apoptosis, was observed during involution of thymus elicited by treatment with either anti-CD3 antibody or dexamethasone or by irradiation. The blood plasma concentration of epsilon(gamma-glutamyl)lysine isodipeptide, the end-product of(More)