Reka G. Szigeti

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Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are emerging globally, indicating that environmental factors may be important in their pathogenesis. Colonic mucosal epigenetic changes, such as DNA methylation, can occur in response to the environment and have been implicated in IBD pathology. However, mucosal DNA methylation has not been examined in treatment-naïve(More)
Decreased consumption of dietary fibers, such as cellulose, has been proposed to promote the emergence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD: Crohn disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC]) where intestinal microbes are recognized to play an etiologic role. However, it is not known if transient fiber consumption during critical developmental periods may(More)
Congenital tufting enteropathy (CTE) is a rare autosomal recessive diarrheal disorder where epithelial tufts can be present from the duodenum to the large intestine. CTE has been linked to mutations in the epithelial cell adhesion molecule gene (EpCAM) Sivagnanam et al. (2008). We recently reported the first case with a nonsense mutation in EpCAM Sivagnanam(More)
Epigenetic and microbiome changes during pediatric development have been implicated as important elements in the developmental origins of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), which are linked to early onset colorectal cancer (CRC). Colonic mucosal samples from 22 control children between 3.5 and 17.5(More)
  • Rebelo, Tempera C, Bispo C, Andrade C, Gardner R, Shapiro Hm +42 others
  • 2016
Shapiro HM, et al. Light depolarization measurements in malaria: A new job for an old friend. Haemozoin detection in infected erythrocytes for Plasmodium falciparum malaria diagnosis-prospects and limitations. In Response: The letter by Rebelo et al. (1) that questions our previously described noninvasive malaria diag-nostics (2,3) misinterprets both(More)
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have become highly prevalent in developed countries. Environmentally triggered exaggerated immune responses against the intestinal microbiome are thought to mediate the disorders. The potential dietary origins of the disease group have been implicated. However, the effects of environmental influences on prenatal(More)
The effect of the pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) receptor antagonist PACAP(6-38) on the relaxant response to exogenous PACAP, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and nonadrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) nerve stimulation was tested in the guinea-pig taenia caeci, in the presence of atropine (10(-6) M) and guanethidine(More)
Interferon-alpha 1 from Escherichia coli transformed with a hybrid plasmid containing a human leukocyte complementary DNA insert, induces resistance to virus in appropriate target cells. It also shares the following properties with natural leukocyte interferon (IFN). (i) It enhances natural killing activity of human lymphocytes, (ii) it enhances(More)
Although first recognized by its effect on virus-cell interactions, interferon (IFN) has a variety of other effects. It can affect cell proliferation, modify the immune response at several levels, enhance the cytotoxic action of lymphocytes, suppress antibody formation and inhibit the development of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions. Therefore(More)
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