Reji Babygirija

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Centrally released oxytocin (OXT) has anxiolytic and anti-stress effects. Delayed gastric emptying (GE) induced by acute restraint stress (ARS) for 90 min is completely restored following 5 consecutive days of chronic homotypic restraint stress (CHS), via up-regulating hypothalamic OXT expression in rats. However, the mechanism behind the restoration of(More)
Orexin receptor type-1 (OX1R) is expressed in the dorsal motor nucleus of vagi (DMV). Although orexin-A (OXA) plays an important role in mediating stress responses, it remains unclear how central OXA regulates gastric dysmotility induced by stress. Acute restraint stress (ARS) delays solid gastric emptying via the central corticotropin releasing factor(More)
Accumulation of continuous life stress (chronic stress) often causes gastric symptoms. Although central oxytocin has antistress effects, the role of central oxytocin in stress-induced gastric dysmotility remains unknown. Solid gastric emptying was measured in rats receiving acute restraint stress, 5 consecutive days of repeated restraint stress (chronic(More)
We have recently shown that impaired gastric motility observed in acute restraint stress was restored following repeated restraint stress in mice. Repeated restraint stress up-regulates oxytocin mRNA expression and down-regulates corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) mRNA expression at the hypothalamus. Oxytocin knockout mice (OXT-KO) have been widely used(More)
Painful events early in life have been shown to increase the incidence of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome in adulthood. However, the intrinsic mechanism is not well studied. We previously reported that neonatal bladder inflammation causes chronic visceral hypersensitivity along with molecular disruption of spinal GABAergic system in rats. The(More)
Orexin-A, also described as hypocretin-I, was discovered in the extracts of the rat brain. OXA is implicated in a wide variety of physiological functions, such as feeding, arousal, behavioral activity, energy homeostasis and gastrointestinal motility. Orexin receptor type-1 is highly expressed in the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus. Although peripherally(More)
Ghrelin is the endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR). Ghrelin regulates feeding activity and interdigestive contractions of the stomach in rodents. To investigate the role of endogenous ghrelin in the digestive system, we have developed GHSR-mutant rats, named FHH-Ghsrm1Mcwi, using the Fawn-Hooded Hypertensive (FHH) parental(More)
In our daily life, individuals encounter with various types of stress. Accumulation of daily life stress (chronic stress) often causes gastrointestinal symptoms and functional gastrointestinal diseases. Although some can adapt toward chronic stress, the adaptation mechanism against chronic stress remains unknown. Although acute stress delays gastric(More)
Accumulation of continuous life stress (chronic stress) often causes gastric symptoms. The development of gastric symptoms may depend on how humans adapt to the stressful events in their daily lives. Although acute stress delays gastric emptying and alters upper gastrointestinal motility in rodents, the effects of chronic stress on gastric motility and its(More)
Previous studies have shown that acute stress stimulates colonic motor function via a central corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) in rodents. However, little is known whether colonic motility is altered following chronic stress. We studied the changes of colonic motor function in response to chronic stress or daily administration of CRF in rats. Rats were(More)