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The present study was aimed at reducing the time and labour used to perform DNA-DNA hybridizations for classification of bacteria at the species level. A micro-well-format DNA hybridization method was developed and validated. DNA extractions were performed by a small-scale method and DNA was sheared mechanically into fragments of between 400 and 700 bases.(More)
The taxonomic relationship of 131 strains previously identified as Pasteurella multocida obtained from calf pneumonia in West Germany, United Kingdom and Netherlands was investigated by extended phenotypic and limited genotypic characterization. Twenty-four strains were classified as P. multocida ssp. multocida, 15 strains as P. avium biovar 2 and 13(More)
From 1990 to 2000, the number of published named taxa based upon new isolates at species and genus levels in International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, formerly International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, have increased by approximately four- and sevenfold, respectively. New taxa based upon characterization of only a single(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence of the cultivable subgingival microbiota in periodontal diseases and to draw attention to the polymicrobial nature of periodontic infections. METHODS The study population consisted of 95 patients, 51 females and 44 males, aged 14-62 years. Twenty-nine patients exhibited adult periodontitis (AP), six localized juvenile(More)
Genetic investigations of selected bovine and ovine strains of Pasteurella haemolytica sensu stricto (biogroup 1), P. haemolytica biogroups 2, 3, 5 and 9, P. testudinis and porcine isolates of so-called P. haemolytica, tentatively designated taxon 15, confirmed the existence of these phenotypically delineated taxa. Evidence was further obtained to indicate(More)
Strains of Bisgaard taxon 31, isolated from chickens in South Africa suffering from a respiratory disease with clinical symptoms and gross lesions similar to infectious coryza, showed great phenotypical similarities with Haemophilus paragallinarum infection except for NAD requirement, beta-galactosidase activity and maltose fermentation. Deoxyribonucleic(More)
Carbohydrates from whole-cell hydrolysates of 18 strains of the species Haemophilus influenzae (5 strains belonging to serovar b) were analysed by gas-liquid chromatography. The identity of the carbohydrate components was confirmed by comparison with the retention times of reference sugars and by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Evidence was obtained(More)
The phylogenetic position and various genotypic, chemotaxonomic, and classical phenotypic characteristics of 21 gram-negative avian isolates were studied. These strains constitute a genotypically homogeneous taxon in rRNA superfamily V, as shown by DNA-rRNA hybridization data. Determination of the 16S rRNA sequence of this taxon revealed its detailed(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the current susceptibility of hospital isolates of contemporary Gram-negative pathogens to the carbapenems doripenem, imipenem and meropenem. Between May and October 2008, seven centres in Germany were invited to collect and submit Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacteriaceae and other Gram-negative bacterial Intensive(More)
The carbohydrate patterns, isoprenoid quinones, fatty acids and phospholipids of the species of the genus Pasteurella sensu stricto were investigated to evaluate their taxonomic significance and their applicability for the identification of these bacteria. Forty-six representative strains of the 11 species of Pasteurella were examined. The data obtained(More)