Reinier A. Mullaart

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Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH):ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the largest multiprotein enzyme complex of the respiratory chain. The nuclear-encoded NDUFS8 (TYKY) subunit of complex I is highly conserved among eukaryotes and prokaryotes and contains two 4Fe4S ferredoxin consensus patterns, which have long been thought to provide the(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in females. The disease is caused by mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2), and various mutations have been reported. The phenotypic spectrum in both female and male patients is diverse, ranging from very mild to congenital encephalopathy and prenatal lethality.(More)
Neural tube defects (NTD) are among the most prevalent congenital malformations in man. Based on the molecular defect of Splotch, an established mouse model for NTD, and on the clinical association between NTD and Waardenburg syndrome (WS), mutations in the PAX3 gene can be expected to act as factors predisposing to human NTD. To test this hypothesis, 39(More)
BACKGROUND Spina bifida is a complex neuroembryological disorder resulting from incomplete closure of the posterior neural tube. Morbidity in the different fields of motor and cognitive neurodevelopment is variable in nature and severity, and often hard to predict. AIMS The current study investigates the relationship between cognitive functioning, fine(More)
The goal of this study was to develop a calibrated on-line technique to extract as much diagnostically-relevant information as possible from conventional video-format echograms. The final aim is to improve the diagnostic potentials of medical ultrasound. Video-output images were acquired by a frame grabber board incorporated in a multiprocessor workstation.(More)
To examine the association between parental occupation and spina bifida in offspring, we conducted a multicenter case-referent study in the Netherlands. Cases were children with spina bifida aperta from nine different hospitals throughout the country; the referent group comprised population-based referents who were randomly drawn from municipal birth(More)
UNLABELLED MEPs and CMAPs as prognostic tools for spina bifida. AIM The aim of this prospective study was to determine the prognostic value of neurophysiological investigations compared to clinical neurological examination in infants with spina bifida. METHODS Thirty-six neonates born with spina bifida between 2002 and 2007 were evaluated and followed(More)
The authors report a child with a spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)-like picture, cardiomyopathy, and cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency. Electromyography and muscle biopsy showed findings typical of SMA. However, COX staining of the muscle was negative. DNA analysis did not detect deletions in the survival motor neuron (SMN) gene. The lactate and(More)
From four Dutch families six patients, who have congenital muscular dystrophy, involvement of the central nervous system and of the eyes, or the so-called "muscle, eye and brain disease" (MEB-D), are reported. Two patients are still alive, in four autopsy could be performed. The clinical and morphological data of our patients are compared to those described(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the presence and progress of Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress (PMTS) symptoms in parents of children with spina bifida (SB). METHODS Parents of 23 newborns with SB were interviewed prospectively and parents of 58 school-aged children with SB were interviewed retrospectively. PMTS symptoms were assessed with 17 DSM-IV criteria for the(More)