Reinhold Kleinert

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We related the histopathologic changes associated with incidental white matter signal hyperintensities on MRIs from 11 elderly patients (age range, 52 to 82 years) to a descriptive classification for such abnormalities. Punctate, early confluent, and confluent white matter hyperintensities corresponded to increasing severity of ischemic tissue damage,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) frequently have small areas of signal loss on gradient-echo T2*-weighted MR images, which have been suggested to represent remnants of previous microbleeds. Our aim was to provide histopathologic support for this assumption and to clarify whether the presence and location of(More)
Exposure of cells to stress, particularly oxidative stress, leads to misfolding of proteins and, if they are not refolded or degraded, to cytoplasmic protein aggregates. Protein aggregates are characteristic features of a variety of chronic toxic and degenerative diseases, such as Mallory bodies (MBs) in hepatocytes in alcoholic and non-alcoholic(More)
¶ Two patients with primary intraspinal primitive neuroectodermal tumour are presented. In a 32-year-old man, the tumour evolved intradurally from a sacral nerve root. Despite repeated surgery and radiochemotherapy, the patient suffered multiple intraspinal tumour relapses and intracranial seedings, and died 29 months after the first diagnosis. In a(More)
Expandable metal endoprostheses were implanted transhepatically in 61 patients with obstructive jaundice. Fifty-three patients had malignant and eight had benign obstructions. Because of the small diameter of the compressed stent (7 F), primary implantation of the stent without a previous catheter drainage was preferred. Postprocedural complications(More)
We present clinical, pathological and molecular features of the first Austrian family with fatal familial insomnia. Detailed clinical data are available in five patients and autopsy in four patients. Age at onset of disease ranged between 20 and 60 years, and disease duration between 8 and 20 months. Severe loss of weight was an early symptom in all five(More)
Postmortem examinations were made of the brains of six patients, 52-63 years old, who exhibited incidental punctate white matter hyperintensities on MR images before death. Our aim was to unravel the morphologic correlate of such lesions. By repeating the MR study after fixation on four specimens, cutting the brain parallel to the MR imaging plane, and(More)
A controlled randomized study of endoscopic evacuation versus medical treatment was performed in 100 patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral (subcortical, putaminal, and thalamic) hematomas. Patients with aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, brain tumors, or head injuries were excluded. Criteria for inclusion were as follows: patients' age(More)
MR of the brain was performed in eight patients (mean age, 14.9 years) with osteogenic sarcoma during or after IV treatment with high-dose methotrexate. MR detected brain abnormalities in four patients, three of whom had concomitant neurologic dysfunction. Pathologic findings demonstrated on MR were (1) chronic brain edema, demonstrable over a period of(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy is a technique used to monitor cerebral oxygenation. To validate the method, we measured regional oxygen saturation (rSo2) in the brains of 18 dead subjects (mean age, 74.4 +/- 14.6 years) 19.8 +/- 18.2 h (range, 1-73) after cessation of systemic circulation, and in 15 healthy probands (mean age, 34.2 +/- 8.7 years) with an INVOS(More)