Reinhold J. Laib

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B6C3F1 mice and Wistar rats were exposed to [1,4-14C]1,3-butadiene in a closed exposure system. Based on body weight, mice metabolized the test compound at about twice the rate, compared to rats. Nucleoproteins and DNA were isolated from the livers of the animals and covalent binding of [14C]-butadiene-derived radioactivity was determined. In both species(More)
The alkaline filter elution technique was used to evaluate single strand breaks (SSB), DNA-DNA (DDCL) and DNA-protein cross-links (DPCL) in liver and lung of male rats (Sprague-Dawley) and male mice (B6C3F1) after exposure to 2000 ppm 1,3-butadiene (BD) for 7 days (7 h/day and/or to 100, 250, 500, 1000) 2000 ppm BD for 7 h. SSB were detected in liver DNA of(More)
Metabolism of 1,3-butadiene to 1,2-epoxybutene-3 in rats follows saturation kinetics. Comparative investigation of inhalation pharmacokinetics in mice also revealed a saturation pattern. For both species “linear” pharmacokinetics apply at exposure concentrations below 1000 ppm 1,3-butadiene; saturation of butadiene metabolism is observed at atmospheric(More)
[1,2-14C] Vinyl chloride and [1,2-14C] trichloroethylene were incubated with rat liver microsomes, NADPH and RNA (from yeast). Whereas trichloroethylene metabolites were irreversibly bound to proteins in microsomal incubations to a higher extent than vinyl chloride metabolites, irreversible binding to RNA was lower for trichloroethylene metabolites.(More)
Chloroethylene oxide, an ultimate carcinogenic metabolite of vinyl chloride, was reacted with poly(deoxyguanylate-deoxycytidylate); the nucleic acid base adducts, 7-(2-oxoethyl)guanine and 3,N4-ethenocytosine, were analyzed by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Chloroethylene oxide-modified poly(deoxyguanylate-deoxycytidylate) was assayed(More)
The purpose of our study was to establish the suitability of cesium trifluoroacetate (CsTFA) isopycnic centrifugation as a method for the detection and quantification of DNADNA crosslinks (DDC). To induce DDC, diepoxybutane, a reactive intermediate in the metabolism of 1,3-butadiene (Malvoisin and Roberfroid 1982; Laib et al. 1989) was used. Rodent liver(More)
Studies were conducted on inhalation pharmacokinetics of 1,3-butadiene and of its primary reactive metabolic intermediate 1,2-epoxybutene-3 in rats (Sprague-Dawley) and mice (B6C3F1). Investigations of inhalation pharmacokinetics of 1,3-butadiene revealed saturation kinetics of 1,3-butadiene metabolism in both species. For rats and mice linear(More)
Rat liver microsomes were incubated with NADPH, 1,2-[(14)C] vinyl chloride and poly-adenosine. The latter was reisolated from the incubations and hydrolyzed. The radioactivity, originating from [(14)C] vinyl chloride, which was irreversibly attached to the poly-adenosine was confined to 1-N(6)-etheno-adenosine (3beta-ribofuranosyl-imidazo [2,1,i] purine).(More)
[1,2-14C]Vinyl bromide was incubated with rat liver microsomes, NADPH, and polyadenylic acid, polycytidylic acid, or RNA, respectively. Part of the adenosine moieties in RNA or in polyadenylic acid were alkylated and labelled 1,N6-ethenoadenosine structures were formed. Part of the cytidine moieties were converted into 3,N4-ethenocytidine. In addition, a(More)