Reinhold G. Erben

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Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), a recently identified molecule that is mutated in patients with autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets (ADHR), appears to be involved in the regulation of phosphate homeostasis. Although increased levels of circulating FGF-23 were detected in patients with different phosphate-wasting disorders such as oncogenic(More)
The recently discovered epithelial calcium channels ECaC1 and ECaC2 are thought to play an important role in active calcium absorption in the intestine and kidney. Vitamin D-responsive elements (VDRE) were detected in the promoter sequence of human ECaC1 and regulation of ECaC by the steroid hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) has been(More)
BACKGROUND Bone grafts are required to repair large bone defects after tumour resection or large trauma. The availability of patients' own bone tissue that can be used for these procedures is limited. Thus far bone tissue engineering has not lead to an implant which could be used as alternative in bone replacement surgery. This is mainly due to problems of(More)
The resorption, formation and maintenance of bone are coordinated by the action of several hormones, growth factors and transcription factors. Recent experiments based on genetically modified mouse models, gene microarrays and pharmacological intervention indicate that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) system plays important roles in skeletal(More)
Bisphosphonates inhibit bone loss through inhibition of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. At low doses, vitamin D metabolites can prevent bone loss in models of osteopenia in rats by an antiresorptive effect, while at high doses they also stimulate osteoblast activity and show an anabolic effect. Therefore, combined therapy with bisphosphonates and(More)
The aim of this cross-sectional analysis was to examine the skeletal effects of low-dose monophasic oral contraceptive (OC) use in a cohort of 248 young Caucasian women aged 18-24 years. Areal bone mineral density (BMD) of the femoral neck and lumbar spine was evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Volumetric BMD, bone mineral content (BMC), and(More)
The vitamin D hormone 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] is essential for the preservation of serum calcium and phosphate levels but may also be important for the regulation of cardiovascular function. Epidemiological data in humans have shown that vitamin D insufficiency is associated with hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, increased arterial(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) is a bone-derived endocrine regulator of phosphate homeostasis which inhibits renal tubular phosphate reabsorption. Binding of circulating FGF23 to FGF receptors in the cell membrane requires the concurrent presence of the co-receptor αKlotho. It is still controversial whether αKlotho is expressed in the kidney proximal(More)
Maintenance of physiologic phosphate balance is of crucial biological importance, as it is fundamental to cellular function, energy metabolism, and skeletal mineralization. Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) is a master regulator of phosphate homeostasis, but the molecular mechanism of such regulation is not yet completely understood. Targeted disruption(More)
Klotho was discovered as an antiaging gene, and α-Klotho (Klotho) is expressed in multiple tissues with a broad set of biologic functions. Membrane-bound Klotho binds fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), but a soluble form of Klotho is also produced by alternative splicing or cleavage of the extracellular domain of the membrane-bound protein. The relative(More)